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Coins of Rome about Parthia:
Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)

This interesting episode in the long history of Roman-Parthian conflict found a Roman republican allied with the Parthians against Roman imperialists.

Q. Labienus aureusThe father of Quintus Atius Labienus was Titus Labienus, who had been Julius Caesar's most important general in the Gaul campaign. However, at the beginning of the civil war, Quintus' father broke with Caesar and joined forces with Pompey. Titus Labienus later died at the battle of Munda fighting Caesar's forces.

Quintus Labienus fought to restore the republic under Gaius Cassius Longinus. Cassius, who was among Caesar's assassins, had campaigned successfully against Pacorus I, and declared himself proconsul of Syria during the civil war that followed Caesar's death. However, it cannot be doubted that the Parthians were later actively supporting republican Romans instead of fighting them, for a Parthian contingent had come into  Cassius' possession after he defeated Caecilius Bassus. Upon learning that Antony and Octavian were crossing the Adriatic to end Cassius' threat to Egypt, Cassius sent these Parthians to accompany a group of ambassadors to request additional Parthian support. Among the ambassadors was Quintus Labienus who apparently succeeded in his mission, for Parthians were counted among the defeated republican forces of Cassius and Brutus at the battle of Philippi (in Macedonia) against Octavian and Antony, 42 B.C.

Following his victory at Philippi, Antony went to Tarsus to consolidate his control in the east. From Tarsus, where Antony rendezvoused with Cleopatra in late summer of 41 B.C., Antony moved into Syria where he appointed L. Decidius Saxa governor, and a Roman force was sent against Palmyra. The Palmyreans fled to Parthian territory where they influenced the Parthians to attack the Romans yet again. Joining the Palmyreans were the pro-Parthian petty rulers who had gained power following Crassus' defeat in 53 B.C. when Roman control was weak, and who now fled before Antony's advance to the protection of Parthia.

But after Antony moved southward to Alexandria, the Parthians again invaded Syria in the spring of 40 B.C., this time allied with Quintus Labienus. Labienus, knowing of the proscriptions following the battle at Philippi, had joined with the Parthians to fight imperial Roman forces. Under the joint command of Pacorus and Labienus, the Parthian army crossed the Euphrates and attacked Apamea. Though the assault failed, Roman garrisons around Syria rallied to Labienus, with whom they had fought under Brutus and Cassius. The combined army then defeated Saxa in a pitched battle where the Parthian cavalry's skill and larger numbers caused many troops of Saxa's quaestor (his brother) to desert to Labienus. Saxa, making a forced retreat at night to Antioch, lost most of his men also. Labienus and the Parthians then took Apamea without resistance. After defeating the Romans at Apamea, Pacorus turned south with a portion of the army and conquered the Levant from the Phoenician coast through Palestine. Labienus turned north to follow Saxa, then caught and killed him in Cilicia after taking Antioch. Labienus then proceeded to take all of Asia Minor, and the Parthian army added the legionary standards of Saxa to those of Crassus already housed in Parthian temples. With Labienus, the Parthians had in two years restored their territory to nearly the limits of the old Achaemenid empire and controlled all of Asia Minor except for a few cities.

In Judaea, Antigonus, a son of Aristobulus II, deposed his uncle John Hyrcanus II with Parthian assistance and proclaimed himself the newest (and last) Maccabean ruler. His victory was not complete, for Herod (also a son of Antipater) escaped to Rome where Antony and Octavian named him king of the Jews.

But the successes of Labienus and the Parthians were not long-lasting. Disagreement between Labienus and Pacorus weakened their combined effect. In 39 B.C., a Roman counterattack killed Labienus and recovered Asia Minor. One year later Pacorus was killed in Syria when he attacked a Roman camp that he had been led to believe was undefended. Herod personally led another Roman army to retake Jerusalem, capturing the holy city from the Parthian-supported Antigonus after a five-month siege.

While allied with the Parthians, Labienus minted both silver and gold coins, but in only one type; they were probably used as a donative to Saxa's legions. Controversy exists on both the meaning of the obverse inscription and the riderless horse on the reverse. Was Labienus calling himself Imperator of the Parthians? Possibly the reverse design is an allusion to the missing, assassinated Julius Caesar, or maybe a tribute to the Parthian cavalry. Vagi [vol. I, p. 71] notes the engraving style of the aureus and denarius points to Antioch as the mint and late 40 B.C. as the date, and that some Antioch tetradrachms and bronzes can be ascribed to Labienus.

The silver denarius is rare and, as of 1997, Sayles1 reported only four examples of the gold aureus were known. Harlan Berk2 published the fourth specimen in 2008, and an auction3 in 2010 documented a fifth specimen. Hersh records 34 specimens of the denarius, struck from eight obverse and twenty reverse dies4. Below, twenty-eight denarii have been illustrated.

____________________
Notes:
1. Wayne G. Sayles, Ancient Coin Collecting III: The Roman World -- Politics and Propaganda (1997), p. 182
2. Harlan J. Berk, 100 Greatest Ancient Coins (2008), p. 80
3. Numismatica Ars Classica, Auction 54 (24 Mar 2010), lot 279
4. C. A. Hersh, "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), p. 44


Coins in the Name of Quintus Labienus

The coins of Labienus are rare; only five examples of the aureus are known; all are illustrated here. Images of the gold and silver coins on this page are serially numbered for identification in Notes. Click on coin images to enlarge:

Aureus:

PDC 5772Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AV Aureus, 8.04 g (PDC 5772)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional Images/ [enlarged obverse] [monochrome obv & rev]
Obv/ bust of Quintus Labienus right; inscription Q LABIENVS PARTHICVS IMP
Rev/ riderless horse standing right, saddled with bow case and quiver attached
Photo/ by Wayne G. Sayles, The Celator Note/ An enlarged color photograph of the obverse of this rare gold coin graces the dust jacket of Sayle's Ancient Coin Collecting III, and a black and white enlargement of the reverse is found on page 182
Note 2/ G1
- Numismatica Ars Classica 70 (16 May 2013), lot 192 (this coin)
- Wayne Sayles, Ancient Coin Collecting III (1997), p. 182 (this coin)
- Sotheby’s Athena Fund II sale (26 Oct 1993), lot 91 (this coin)
- Numismatic Fine Arts XXV (1990), lot 313 (this coin)
- Bank Leu auction 48 (10 May 1989), lot 299 (this coin)
- C. Hersh, "The coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), S. 46, 3 (this coin)
- Münzen und Medaillen No. 43, lot 242 (1970) (this coin)

PDC 60550Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AV Aureus, 8.15 g (PDC 60550)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ G5
Provenance/ private Swiss collection
Photo/ by Numismatica Ars Classica
- Numismatica Ars Classica 54 (24 Mar 2010), lot 279 (this coin)

PDC 5323Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AV Aureus (PDC 5323)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional images/ [obv & rev study image]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ G2
Current collection/ Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Atia 85, M2767
Photo/ by Chris Hopkins
- A. Dieudonné in Revue numismatique (1899), plate III, 1 (this coin)

PDC 60631Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AV Aureus, 8.09 g, 20 mm (PDC 60631)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ G4
Photo/ by Karen Block
- Harlan J. Berk, 100 Greatest Ancient Coins (Atlanta: Whitman, 2008), p. 80, no. 40 (this coin)

PDC 60284Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AV Aureus, 7.92 g, 19 mm (PDC 60284)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ G3
Previous collection/ Duke de Blacas
Current collection/ British Museum
Photo/ BMCRR East, plate 113, 19 (original plate photo of plaster cast has been colorized)
Additional photo/ obverse only, clearly showing hole
- Greuber, Herbert A. (ed.), A Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum (1910), BMC II (East), p. 500, 131 (this coin)


Denarius:

Hersh, "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), records 34 specimens of the denarius, struck from eight obverse and twenty reverse dies

(Sorted by weight, descending)

PDC 77016Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.96 g, 19 mm, 6 h (PDC 77016)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S02
Current collection/ Münzkabinett, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, RO 856
Photo/ by Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
- 7000 anos de Arte Persa (2001), Fundacion "La Caixa", Fig. 20c (this coin)

PDC 2172Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.88 g (PDC 2172)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S24
Photo/ by Münzen und Medaillen AG Basel
- Numismatica Ars Classica, 25 Feb 1992, lot 390 (this coin)
- Hersh, C. A. "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), p. 44, 11e (this coin)
- Sternberg 1, 1973, lot 15 (this coin)
- Münzen und Medaillen No. 43, 12/13 Nov 1970, lot 243 (this coin)

PDC 60290Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.88 g (PDC 60290)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S23
Prior collections/ Magnaguti; Evans
Photo/ by UBS
 - P. & P. Santamaria Auction, Rome (14 Oct 1949), lot 2348 (this coin)
 - Naville Ars Classica XVII, Geneva (3 Oct 1934), lot 1117
 - UBS 78 (9 Sep 2008), lot 1181 (this coin)

PDC 60463Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.86 g (PDC 60463)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S22
Provenance/ ex Harlan J. Berk private sale
Photo/ by Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung
 - Gorny & Mosch Auktion 185 (8 Mar 2010), lot 229 (this coin)

PDC 52663Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.81 g (PDC 52663)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S21
Photo/ by Numismatica Ars Classica
Additional images/ Cahn/Hess 1933 / Classical Numismatic Group
- Numismatica Ars Classica 45 (2 Apr 2008), lot 51 (this coin); estimate 7000 CHF
- CNG 40 (4 Dec 1996), James Fox collection, lot 1314 (this coin); estimate $10,000
- Monetarium (Swiss Credit), list 51 (1989), lot 136a (this coin)
- Hersh, C. A. "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), p. 44, 3b and plate 4, A/3 (this coin)
- Cahn/Hess (17 Jul 1933), E. J. Haeberlin Collection, lot 2900 (this coin)
- Rollin et Feuardent (7 May 1888), De Quelen Collection, lot 505 (this coin)

PDC 43007Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.79 g, 19 mm (PDC PDC 43007)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S20
Provenance/ ex Harlan J. Berk private sale
Photo/ by Numismatica Ars Classica
 - Numismatica Ars Classica 39 (16 May 2007), lot 91 (this coin)

PDC 60286Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.78 g, 18 mm (PDC 60286)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Previous collection/ Nott
Note/ S19
Current collection/ British Museum
Photo/ BMCRR East, plate 113, 20 (photo of plaster cast)
Additional photo/ obverse only (J. Warry)
- J. Warry, Die Kriegskunst der Griechen und Römer, 1981
- Greuber, Herbert A. (ed.), A Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum (1910), BMC II (East), p. 500, 132 (this coin)

Click here to visit another website to view coinQuintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.77 g, 18 mm, 5h (PDC 60630)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S25
Provenance/ 1856/18316
Current collection/ Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 18204987
Photo by Interactive Catalogue of the Coin Cabinet, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
 - Crawford, 524, 2
 - C. A. Hersh, SNR 59 (1980), 3A3a (this coin)

PDC 5325Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.76 g (PDC 5325)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional images/ [obv & rev study image]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S18
Current collection/ Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, AF 2947 (this coin)
Photo/ by Chris Hopkins

PDC 61250Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.76 g, 17 mm, 11 h (PDC 61250)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S26
Provenance/ Stack's
Photo/ by John C. Lavender, Moneta Numismatic Services, Inc.

PDC 66379Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.74 (PDC 66379)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S27
Provenance/ S.C. Markoff collection
Photo/ by Numismatica Ars Classica
- Numismatica Ars Classica 62 (5 Oct 2011), lot 2009 (this coin)

Click here to visit another website to view coinQuintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.73 g, 18 mm, 5h (PDC 52324)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S17
Provenance/ 1856/18316
Current collection/ Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Pergamonmuseum 18202278
Previous collection/ Sandes
Photo by Interactive Catalogue of the Coin Cabinet, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

PDC 32635Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.73 g (PDC 32635)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S16
Previous collection/ Nicholas
Photo/ by LHS Numismatik
- Bank Leu auction 17 (May 1977), Nicholas collection, lot 857

PDC 60097Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.69 g (PDC 60097)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S15
Photo/ by M & M Numismatics Ltd
- The New York Sale 23 (7 Jan 2010), lot 115 (this coin)
- Künker 174 (27 Sep 2010), lot 450 (this coin)

PDC 60309Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.67 g (PDC 60309)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S14
Photo/ by Harlan J. Berk
- Harlan J. Berk Buy or Bid Sale 167 (Dec 2009), lot 247

PDC 32634Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.67 g (PDC 32634)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S13
Photo/ by G. G. Belloni
- G. G. Belloni, Le monete romane dell'età repubblicana (Milan, 1960), 2242

PDC 5322Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.67 g (PDC 5322)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional images/ [different lighting]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S12
Photo/ by Harlan J. Berk
- Harlan J. Berk Buy or Bid Sale 115 (2 Aug 2000), lot 371 (this coin)

PDC 1098Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.66 g (PDC 1098)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S11
Current collection/ American Numismatic Society, 1944.100.4820
Photo/ by Chris Hopkins

PDC 5771Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.66 g (PDC 5771)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional Images/ [monochrome obv & rev]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S10
Photo/ by Martin A. Armstrong Princeton Economic Institute, Monetary History of the World
- Vagi, Coinage and History of the Roman Empire (1999), Vol. II, p. 204, no. 126 (this coin)
- Crawford 524/2 (this coin)

PDC 32616Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.64 g (PDC PDC 32616)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S09
Photo/ by LHS Numismatik
- Bank Leu/Münzen und Medaillen auction 3-4 Dec 1965, lot 966 (this coin)
- Münzen und Medaillen AG 7 (1948), lot 513 (this coin)
- J. Schulman (Amsterdam), Coll. Vierordt (5 Mar 1923), lot 508 (this coin)

PDC 5324Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.64 g (PDC 5324)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional images/ [obv & rev study image]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S08
Current collection/ Cabinet des Médailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Ailly 4850 (this coin)
Photo/ by Chris Hopkins

PDC 16043Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.61 g (PDC 16043)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S07
Photo/ by Fritz Rudolf Künker Münzenhandlung
Additional image/ Classical Numismatic Group
- CNG 63 (21 May 2003), lot 1200 (this coin)
- CNG Online Coin Shop Dec 2002, lot 182290 (this coin)
- Künker Auction 77 (30 Sep 2002), lot 326 (this coin)
- Hersh, "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus," SNR 59 (1980), 9 (unlisted reverse die)

PDC 58419Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.60 g (repaired) (PDC 58419)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S06
Photo/ by Andrew McCabe
Additional image/ Lanz Numismatik
- Lanz Numismatik, eBay sale (Feb 2009) (this coin)

PDC 2167Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.47 g (PDC 2167)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Additional Images/ [color obv & rev] [monochrome obv & rev]
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S05
Photo/ by Lanz Numismatik
- Lanz Auction 102 (28 May 2001), lot 439 (this coin)
- Lanz Auction 88 (23 Nov 1998), lot 819 (this coin)

PDC 77017Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.29 g, 18 mm, 4 h (PDC 77017)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S28
Current collection/ Münzkabinett, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, RO 857
Photo/ by Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

PDC 52635Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.29 g (PDC 52635)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S04
Photo/ by Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzenhandlung
- Gorny & Mosch Auktion 164 (17 Mar 2008), lot 353 (this coin)
- Hersh, C. A. "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), p. 44, 5 and 6 (same obv die)
- Cr. 524/2
- Syd. 1357

PDC 5653Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius, 3.20 g (PDC 5653)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S03
Photo/ by Classical Numismatic Group
- CNG 55 (Sep 2002), lot 1109 (this coin)
- Harlan J. Berk Buy or Bid Sale 125 (Jan 2002), lot 348 (this coin)

PDC 2251Quintus Labienus (42-39 B.C.)
AR Denarius (PDC 2251)
Mint/ mint traveling with Labienus, undated (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ as above
Rev/ as above
Note/ S01
Current collection/ Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana


Coins Attributed to Quintus Labienus

Tetradrachm:

PDC 29555Quintus Labienus ? (42-39 B.C.)
AE Tetradrachm, 13.51g, 24mm
Mint/ Seleukis & Pieria, Antioch. Seleucid era 272 (c. 41-40 B.C.)
Obv/ Laureate head of Zeus right
Rev/  Zeus seated left, holding Nike and scepter; cap before and cap below throne, , with parts of the Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ. The date ΒΟ[Σ] appears in the exergue beneath Zeus, Year 272 of the Seleucid era
Note 1/ This coin was struck while Antioch was occupied by the forces of the Roman expatriate Labienus and the Parthian general Pacorus I (c. 39 B.C.). Because of this, this issue reverts to the Seleukid era dating, rather than using the conventional Caesarean era. This was the last time an issue from Antioch bore the Seleukid dating
Photo/ by Classical Numismatic Group
- CNG E-Auction 115 (25 May 2005), lot 133 (this coin)
- RPC I, 4223
- SNG Copenhagen 81


PDC 32639Quintus Labienus ? (42-39 B.C.)
AE Tetradrachm, 11.69g, 25mm, die axis=2h
Mint/ Antioch. Seleucid era 272 (c. 41-40 B.C.)
Obv/ diademed head of Philip Philadelphos facing right, within a filleted border
Rev/ Zeus seated left, holding Nike and scepter, with parts of the Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ; marks include two starred caps of the Dioscuri
Current collection/ Bob Effler
Photo/ by Jencek's Ancient Coins & Antiquities
Note 1/ According to Butcher (page 316), the Dioscuri caps are associated specifically with the issue of 41/40 B.C.
Note 2/ RPC 4225 refers to 4222, an inordinately heavy (15.37 grams) Caesarean year 8 issue, the high weight specific only to that year. Because this  example has the same legend, but is of the lesser weight (11.69 grams), it must be catalogued as RPC 4225
Note 3/ The positions of the starred caps of the Dioscuri are important in dating this coin. Coins with the starred cap to the left of Zeus' throne slightly higher than the cap to the right are specific to the issue of Labienus and Pacorus (BMC 25, per Butcher), and dated to the Seleucid year 272 (41/40 B.C.). This distinction is made only in Butcher, a more detailed study of these bronzes (that was being researched and written at the time RPC I was published) with access to more current research on these coins
Photo/ by permission
- RPC I, 4225

PDC 2426Quintus Labienus ? (42-39 B.C.)
AR Tetradrachm
Mint/ Antioch, Year 10 (c. 40-39 B.C.)
Obv/ diademed head of Philip Philadelphos facing right, within a filleted border
Rev/ Zeus seated left, holding Nike and scepter, with parts of the Greek legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΑΔΕΛΦΟΥ. The date I appears in the exergue beneath Zeus, Year 10 of the Era of the Roman Province of Syria
Note 1/ Labienus employed the same coin types as the last legitimate Syrian ruler, Philip I (Philip Philadelphos)
Note 2/ These coins bear the city monogram of Antioch, indicating autonomy given to the city by Julius Caesar after Pharsalus, and Caesarean Era dates on coins minted from Year 3 (47-46 B.C.). The dates allow us to identify coins struck during Labienus' occupation of Antioch, 40-39 B.C.
Photo/ by Praetorian Numismatics eBay Auction Oct 1999
- RPC I, 4133


Additional Catalog Information

Alföldi, A. "Die Herrschaft der Reiterei, Gestalt und Geschichte", in Festschrift K. Schefold, 1967, p. 18 and plate 9.9, (aureus), plate 9.10 (denarius).

Babelon, E. Description historique et chronologique des monnaies de la républic romaine (1885-1886), (Atia) B. 2 (aureus), B. 3 (denarius)

Bahrfeldt, M. von. Die Römische Goldmünzenprägung während der Republik und unter Augustus (1923), (who knew of only 3 examples, one each in the British Museum and Paris, and a third which was offered to the Berlin Museum in 1902), Bahrfeldt 69

G. G. Belloni, Le monete romane dell'età repubblicana (Milan, 1960), catalogue no. 2242 (3.67)

Bank Leu auction 48 (10 May 1989), lot 299 (aureus, 8.04 g, G1) est. DM 8.500

Bank Leu/Münzen und Medaillen auction, Coll. Niggeler (3-4 Dec 1965), lot 966 (denarius, 3.64g)

Harlan J. Berk, Buy or Bid Sale #115 (2 Aug 2000) , lot 371 (denarius, 3.67g)

Harlan J. Berk, Buy or Bid Sale #125 (Jan 2002), lot 348 (denarius, 3.20g)

Harlan J. Berk, 100 Greatest Ancient Coins (Atlanta: Whitman, 2008), p. 80, no. 40

Cahn/Hess, E. J. Haeberlin Collection (17 July 1933), lot 2900; estimated at 500 Reichs Mark (catalogue says 0.81 RM = 1 Swiss Franc at the time, so about 600 SFr)

Classical Numismatic Group No. 40  (4 Dec 1996), lot 1314. Estimate $10,000, sold for $8,000. Same coin as Monetarium (Swiss Credit), list 51 (1989), lot 136a; ex E.J. Haeberlin Collection (Cahn/Hess, 17 July 1933), lot 2900; ex De Quelen Collection (Rollin et Feuardent, 7 May 1888), lot 505. 

Classical Numismatic Group No. 55 (Sep 2000), lot 1109 (denarius), estimated $7000

Classical Numismatic Group No. 63, lot 1200, estimated $25,000

Classical Numismatic Group, Online Coin Shop (Dec 2002), lot 182290 (denarius), list price $25,000

Cohen, Henry. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire romain communément appelées médailles impériales, 2e edition (Leipzig, 1930), C. 1 (3,000.-), C. 2

Crawford, Michael H. Roman Republican coin hoards (1969), 524/2

Dieudonné, A. "Monnaies Romaines et Byzantines récemment acquise par le cabinet des médailles", Revue numismatique (1899), pp. 178f. and pl. 3, 1

Gorny & Mosch Auktion 164 (17 Mar 2008), lot 353, estimated at € 5,000

Greuber, Herbert A. (ed.) A Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum (1910), BMC II (East), p. 500, 131 (aureus), 132 (denarius)

Hersh, C. A. "The Coinage of Quintus Labienus Parthicus", SNR 59 (1980), p. 44-49. Records only 34 specimens of the denarius, struck from eight obverse and twenty reverse dies (includes Berlin examples)

Fritz Rudolf Künker Münzenhandlung Auction 77 (30 Sep 2002), lot 326, price realized EUR 16,000 plus fees

Fritz Rudolf Künker Münzenhandlung Auction 174 (27 Sep 2010), lot 450 (denarius, 3.68g, S15), est. price EUR 35,000

Lanz Numismatik Sale Catalogue No. 88 (23 Nov 1998) of the Leo Benz collection, lot 819 (denarius, 3.47g), estimated price DM 25,000, sale price DM 20,000 plus fees

Lanz Numismatik Sale Catalogue No. 102 (28 May 2001), lot 439 (same piece as Lanz 88, lot 819), estimated price DM 20,000.

Leu Sale Catalogue No. 45 (3-4 May 1977), Nicholas collection, lot 857, estimated at 30,000 Swiss Franc

Leu Sale Catalogue No. 45 (1988), lot 302 (denarius) realized SFr 28,500 (same piece as Superior 13, lot 692)

Leu Sale Catalogue No. 48, lot 299 realized SFr 270,000 plus fees

Monetarium (Swiss Credit), list 51 (1989), lot 136a

Münzen und Medaillen A.G. Public Sale Catalog No. 7, 1948, lot 513 (denarius, 3.64g)

Münzen und Medaillen A.G. Public Sale Catalog No. 43, 12-13 Nov 1970, lots 242 (aureus, 8.05g) and 243 (denarius, 3.88g) with monochrome pictures on plate 16. A color enlargement of the aureus is on plate 1. The estimated prices were SFr 90,000 and SFr 15,000 respectively, and realized SFr 75,000 and 17,000 plus fees. Lot 243 is the same coin as Sternberg 1 (1973), lot 15

Naville / Ars Classica XVII, 3 Oct 1934, lot 1117

The New York Sale 23, 7 Jan 2010, lot 115 (denarius, 3.69g, ) realized $43,125

Numismatica Ars Classica, 25 Feb 1992, lot 390 (denarius, 3.88g, S24)

Numismatica Ars Classica 39, 2007, lot 91 (denarius, 3.79g, S20)

Numismatica Ars Classica 45, 2 Apr 2008, lot 51 (denarius, 3,81g, S21)

Numismatica Ars Classica 54, 24 Mar 2010, lot 279 (aureus, 8.15g, G5)

Numismatica Ars Classica 70, 16 May 2013, lot 192 (aureus G1, 8.05)

Numismatic Fine Arts Catalog Sale XXV, lot 313 (aureus) realized US $150,000 plus fees

Rollin et Feuardent, De Quelen Collection  (7 May 1888), lot 505

Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting III: The Roman World -- Politics and Propaganda (1997), pp. 172, 182

Sear, David. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators (1998), p. 208, Cat 340/341

J. Schulman (Amsterdam), Coll. Vierordt, 5 Mar 1923, lot 508 (denarius, 3.64g)

Sear, David. Roman Coins and their Values (2000 ed.), no. 1457 (aureus), no. 1458 (denarius)

Sotheby's auction of the Athena Fund II, 26 Oct 1993, lot #91 (aureus). It sold for 176,000 SF including buyer's premium. The coin had been purchased for the Athena fund at 270,000 Swiss francs (£ 126,000) in 1989. It was estimated by Sotheby's at a bargain SFR 100,000-150,000 (£ 47,000- £ 70,000) and sold for SFR 176,000 francs (£ 82,000)

Sternberg 1 (1973), lot 15. Estimated at Sfr. 20,000, sold Sfr. 35,000. This is the same coin as Münzen und Medaillen AG 43 (1970), 243

Superior No. 13, August 1995, The Jacobs collection, lot 692 which realized $32,000 plus fees (same piece as Leu 45, lot 302). A black and white enlargement is on plate XXII

Sydenham, Edward A. The Coinage of the Roman Republic (1952), S.1536 (aureus), S.1357 (denarius)

Vagi, David L. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire (1999), vol. I, p. 70-71; Vol. II, p. 204, nos. 125 (aureus), 126 (denarius), 127 (provincial AR tetradrachm), 128 (provincial bronzes).


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