M. Antonius Gordianus was the grandson of Gordian I and the nephew of Gordian II. He was given the title of Caesar by the joint emperors Balbinus and Pupienus and after their murders was proclaimed Augustus by the Praetorian guard. Little is known about his reign; one of the few recorded events was a rebellion in Africa, promptly suppressed, in A.D. 240. In A.D. 242 Gordian went east to direct the Persian campaign in person, and his first actions were so successful that the enemy were compelled to evacuate Mesopotamia. But due to treachery on the part of M. Julius Philippus, the praetorian prefect, the loyalty of his troops was undermined and Gordian was deposed and murdered near Circesium in Mesopotamia.
Click on coin catalog links to view images:
Gordian III A.D. 238-244
|RIC 213||anton||IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / ORIENS AVG||Sol stand. L, raising R hand and holding globe in L|
|RIC 213v.||anton||IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG / ORIENS AVG N||"|
|SGI 3639||AE25||ΑΥΤ Κ Μ ΑΝΤΝΙΟC ΓΟΡΔΙΑΝΟC / ΕΔΕΑΙΩΝ||Edessa: Roma seated L on cuirass, holding Nike and parazonium, crowned by city goddess standing behind, holding cornucopia|
|CHRE 2077||AE24||Laur. head of Gordian right / ΑΒΓΑΡΟΣ||Edessa: bust of Abgar X right; cf BMC 144ff.|
The images are used by permission of their copyright owners. See the Coins of Rome about Parthia index page for a listing of these generous individuals, dealers and institutions.
This page last updated 18 Jun 2019