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Coins of Rome about Parthia:
Valerian I (A.D. 253-260)

Valerian spent almost all his reign in the East, and had succeeded by A.D. 257 in rescuing Antioch on the Orontes from Persian control, at least temporarily, but was soon faced with a major invasion of the Goths in Asia Minor. Valerian remained to protect Asia Minor, returning to Antioch to guard it against renewed Persian attacks. It was at this point, around 259, that Valerian moved to defend Edessa and his troops lost significant numbers to the plague. Valerian tried to negotiate a peace with the Persian king, Sapor, but was captured by treachery and taken into captivity. The ultimate humiliation of a Roman emperor by a foreign leader was enacted through Sapor's use of Valerian as a human stepping-stool to assist the Persian king in mounting his horse and Valerian's body was later skinned to produce a lasting trophy of Roman submission. He was father of Gallienus and grandfather of Valerian II.

See the biography of Valerian I at De Imperatoribus Romanis, an online encyclopedia of Roman emperors.


Coins in the Name of Valerian I

Click on coin catalog links to view images:

Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

Valerian I  A.D. 253-260

Hill 219
ANS
1944.100.73259
aureus
AR forgery
IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG / ORIENS AVG Sol stand. R head L holding globe in L and raising R
Hill 219
ANS
1980.109.487
anton
PB forgery
IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG / ORIENS AVG Sol stand. R head L holding globe in L and raising R
RSC 188 anton IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG / RESTITVT ORIENTIS obv. radiate bust / Orient & emperor stand.
RIC 54   VALERIANVS BOBIL CAES / VICTORIA PART Victory stand. R, presenting wreath to Prince holding spear
RIC 106 anton IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVGG Sol stand. L holding globe in L and raising R
RSC 189 anton IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG / RESTITVT ORIENTIS obv. radiate bust / Orient & emperor stand.
RSC 190
RSC 190a
anton IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG / RESTITVT ORIENTIS as RSC 189 with star/wreath/pellets
RIC 287c anton IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG / RESTITVT ORIENTIS turreted female (Orient) stand. R, presenting wreath to Valerian, holding spear
RIC 287 ? anton IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG / RESTITVT ORIENTIS turreted female (Orient) stand. L, on globe, holding wreath and palm
RSC4 140b
RIC 13
anton VALERIANVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVGG radiate Sol nude stand. L, raising right arm, holding globe in left hand
RSC4 143a
RIC 12
anton VALERIANVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVGG radiate Sol walking L, raising right arm, holding whip in left hand
RIC 262 anton VALERIANVS P F AVG / VICT PART Victory stand. L, holding palm, captive to left
RSC 255b anton VALERIANVS P F AVG / VICT PARTICA radiate bust / Victory trampling enemy
RSC 255c
RSC 255d
anton VALERIANVS P F AVG / VICT PARTICA as RSC 255b with scene reversed, or no enemy
RSC 256 ??? anton VICTORIA PARTHICA radiate bust R ? / Victory & emperor. (From the lack of info about this coin, perhaps no example was found when updating Cohen's details for reprinting RSC)
RIC 170 sestertius IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG / ORIENS AVGG Sol stand. L, R hand raised, L holding whip
Catalog Denom Inscription Reverse Type

The images are used by permission of their copyright owners. See the Coins of Rome about Parthia index page for a listing of these generous individuals, dealers and institutions.


This page last updated 24 Sep 2012

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