|Archaeological Site Maps - for areas of Parthian rule (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)
|Eratosthenes circa 220 B.C. (slide #112A - notes)
Eratosthenes 194 B.C. (slide #112 - notes)
Posidonius 150-130 B.C. (slide #114 - notes) reconstruction by Pieter Bert
Strabo A.D. 18 (slide #115 - notes)
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa A.D. 20 Orbis Terrarum (slide #118 - notes)
Pomponius Mela circa A.D. 40 (slide #116 - notes)
Pomponius Mela circa A.D. 40 (slide #116B - notes) reconstruction by Pieter Bert
Tabula Peutingeriana (of Castorius?, 1st century A.D.), detail: Mesopotamia. (slide #120I - notes) copy from a 12th century MS
Dionysius A.D. 124 (slide # 117 - notes)
Claudius Ptolemy A.D. 200 (slide #119 - notes). This atlas was an unsurpassed masterpiece for almost 1,500 years.
The Greek geographers of the 5th and 6th Centuries B.C. represented the earth as a disk floating in an ocean. And although the spherical shape of the earth was well-supported by the time of Aristotle, the Romans continued to use the early Greek representation. They called their map simply Orbis Terrarum ("The Whole World").
"The Orbis Terrarum of the Romans" drawn by Erwin Raisz, in Encyclopedia Americana 1954, vol. 18, page 258.
This page last updated 23 Feb 2021