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Bibliography Page 15

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Dalley, Stephanie
"Bel at Palmyra and elsewhere in the Parthian period" (1995)
In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of ARAM: Palmyra - Oxford University
ARAM, 1995, vol. 7, no. 1
Abstract: Fifth International Conference of ARAM was under the patronage of Her Excellency Dr. Najah al-Attar, the Syrian Minister of Culture.
"Persian, Greek, and Parthian Overlords" (1998)
In: Dalley, Stephanie; Reyes, A. T.; Pingree, David; Salvesen, Alison & McCall, Henrietta (eds.), The legacy of Mesopotamia with drawings by Stephanie Dalley and Marion Cox
New York: Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 35-56.
Dandamayev, Muhammad A. & Shaki, Mansour
"Divorce, legal termination of marriage. i. In the Achaemenid period. ii. In the Parthian and Sasanian periods"
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica
Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda
Dandré-Bardon, Michel-François
Costume des anciens Peuples, à l'usage des artistes... (1784-1786)
In: 4 tomes en 2 vol
Paris: Alexandre Jombert, 1784
Abstract: Full title: Costume des anciens Peuples, à l'usage des artistes. Contenant les Usages religieux, civils, domestiques & militaires des Grecs, des Romains, des Israélites & des Hébreux, des Egyptiens, des Perses, des Scythes, des Amazones, des Parthes, des Daces, des Sarmates & autres peuples tant orientaux qu'occidentaux. Nouvelle édition, rédigée par M. Cochin.

Bel ouvrage du peintre et pédagogue aixois Dandré-Bardon (1700-1783). Il est illustré de 351 gravures h.t., représentant des costumes et accessoires des peuples de l'Antiquité; chaque tome s'ouvre sur quelques pages de notices et descriptions historiques.
Daniel, Elton L.
The history of Iran (2001)
In: Series The Greenwood histories of the modern nations, 1096-2905
Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 2001, 299 p.
Abstract: See chapter 3: "From the Parthians to the Mongols," pp. 51-80.
Dantine (M.), Clemencet (C.), et Durand (M.)
L'Art de vérifier les dates des faits historiques, des chartes, des chroniques et autres anciens monumens depuis la naissance de Notre-Seigneur par le moyen d'une table chronologique (...) avec deux calendriers perpétuels, la chronologie historique (...).攄
Paris: G. Desprez, 1770, xxxvii+934 p.
Abstract: Second edition. Result of the work of the Benedictines of St Maur's congregation, this work is one of the first attempts of historic critic. Enriched by a title label and head piece by B.L. Prévost.

Includes section on Rois de Parthes
Darmesteter, James (tr.)
The Zend-Avesta (1985)
In: Müller, F. Max, The sacred books of the East / translated by various oriental scholars, and edited by F. Max Müller, vol. 4
London: Oxford University Press, 1985
Abstract: Ancient scriptures of Zoroastrianism. The complete text of the extant Avesta is available on the Internet at this link.
Daryaee, Touraj
"Notes on early Sasanian titulature" (2002)
Journal of the Society for Ancient Numismatics, 2002, vol. 21, p. 41-44.
The 'Bow of Rustam' and the 'Gleaming Armor' of the Parthians: Notes on the Parthian Epic Ayadgar T Zareran (2005)
In: Dabrowa, Edward (ed.), Electrum (Uniwersytet Jagiellonski. Instytut Historii) ; vol. 10. Ancient Iran and its Neighbours. Studies in Honour of Prof. Jozef Wolski on Occasion of his 95th Birthday
Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press, 2005
Sasanian Persia: The Rise and Fall of an Empire (In press)
London: I.B. Tauris, 2009
Abstract: This title will be released on February 17, 2009.

The Sasanians were the last of the ancient Persian dynasties, and the largest empire to espouse Zoroastrianism, before the encounter with the Arabs swept away the pre-Islamic institutions. Using new sources, Touraj Daryaee provides a portrait of the empire’s often negelcted social history, exploring the development of political and administrative institutions from foundation by Ardashir I to the last king, Yasdegerd III, and the attempts of his descendants to re-estabish a second state for almost a century after. [Publisher]
Dashian, P. J.
Armenian - Arscacid Coins (1917)
Vienna:, 381 p.
Abstract: Two volumes, Vienna, 1917 & 1960. Text in Armenian
Davis, Norman
Greek Coins and Cities (1967)
London: Spink and Son, 1967
Abstract: Page 199, item 109, is a tetradrachm of Mithradates II.
Davis-Kimball, Jeannine, Bashilov, Vladimir A. & Yablonsky, Leonid T. (eds.)
Nomads of The Eurasian Steppes in the Early Iron Age (1995)
Berkeley: Zinat Press, 1995, p. xxxi-403.
Abstract: Book review by Charles C. Kolb in American Journal of Archaeology, April 1997.

Part III includes three chapters on the Central Asian Saka: written sources and history, material culture, and ethnogenetic hypotheses. Yablonsky concludes that Saka peoples (Iranian speaking nomadic cattle-breeders) were actively involved in the political and military expansion of the Achaemenid empire, the fall of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom, and the formations of Parthia and later the Kushan empire (pp. 193-95). Regional delineations of kurgan cemeteries, grave goods, and pottery are made for nine geographic regions. (Kolb)
Day, Florence Ely
Mesopotamian Pottery : Parthian, Sasanian, and Early Islamic (1940)
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1940
Abstract: PhD, The University of Michigan.
Dayet, Marcel
"Une trouvaille de monnaies seleucides et arsacides" (1925)
Arèthuse, 1925, vol. 2, no. (Oct), p. 131-139.
Abstract: Documentation of the IGCH 1813 hoard, which includes almost 900 coins of Mithradates I, Phraates II, Artabanus I and Mithradates II.
"Une tétradrachme arsacide inédit" (1925)
Arèthuse, 1925, vol. 2, no. Fasc. 7 (April), p. 63-66.
Abstract: Documentation of the IGCH 1813 hoard, which includes almost 900 coins of Mithradates I, Phraates II, Artabanus I and Mithradates II.
"Divinité Nabateénne sur une Monnaie Parthe" (1930)
Arèthuse, 1930, vol. 7, p. 39-40.
"Monnaies arsacides à bonnet satrapal" (1949)
Revue Numismatique, 1949, tome/ser. 5, vol. 11, p. 9-26.
Dayton, John
Minerals, metals, glazing & man : or, Who was Sesostris I? (1978)
London: Harrap, 1978, 496 p.
de Cardi, B.
"A Late Pre-Islamic Burial at Al Khatt, U.A.E" (1996)
Journal of Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy , 1996, vol. (vol?), p. 82-87.
de Koehne, Baron B.
"L'ere des arsacides" (1866)
Brussels: Revue de la Numismatique Belge, 1866, 6 p.
Abstract: Later the journal is renamed Revue belge de numismatique et de sigillographie.
de la Vincelle, Grivaud
Dissertation sur une médaille inédite d'Arsace XV, Phraate IV, roi des Parthes, et sur quartre médailles d'Attambylus, Roi de la Characène, cont on ne connoissoit point jusqu' à ce jour ni le nom, ni les monnaies (1817)
Paris: 1817, 17 p.
de Segur, M. Le Comte
Histoire Ancienne : Comprenant l’Histoire des Egyptiens des Medes des Perses des Juifs de la Grece de la sicile de Carthage et de tous les autres peuples de l’antiquite (1858)
In: 2 volumes
Librarie Academique Didier, 1858
Abstract: Volume 2. Parthes 143:
Arsace I, 144. — Arsace II, ibid. — Priapatius, ibid. — Phraate I, 145. — Mithridate I, ibid. — Phraate II, ibid. — Artabane I, ibid. — Mithridate Il, ibid. — Mnaskirès, 146. — Synatroccès, ibid. — Phraate II, ibid. — Mithridate IIII, ibid. — Orode I, ibid. — Phraate IV, 154. — Orode II, 155. — Artabane II, 156. — Bardane, ibid. — Gotarse, ibid. — Vologèse I, ibid. — Cosroès, troisième successeur de Vologèse; les deux autres ne sont pas nommés, 157. — Vologèse II, ibidt — Vologèse III, ibid. — Artabane, IV, ibid.
Debecq, J.
"Les Parthes et Rome" (1951)
Latomus, 1951, vol. 10, p. 459-469.
Debevoise, Neilson C.
Parthian Problems (1929)
Abstract: Ph.D., University of Illinois.
"A Parthian Standard" (1930)
Revue d'assyriologie et d'archeologie orientale, 1930, vol. 27, no. 3, p. 137-139.
"The Pottery of the Parthians" (1930)
Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago, 1930, vol. 24, p. 77-78.
"Some Problems of Parthian Architecture" (1931)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1931, vol. 48, p. 357.
"Parthian problems" (1931)
American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, 1931, vol. 47, no. 2, p. 73-82.
Abstract: Abstract of thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Illinois, 1929. Also seen as 1931 reprint of the AJSLL article.
"Did the Parthians have an art?" (1932)
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1932, vol. 49, p. 369ff.
"The essential Characteristics of Parthian and Sassanian Glyptic Art" (1934)
Berytus, 1934, vol. 1, p. 12-18.
Parthian pottery from Seleucia on the Tigris (1934)
In: University of Michigan studies. Humanistic series. vol. 32
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1934, 132 p.
Abstract: See review: Friedrich Sarre, Archiv fur Orientforschung 11 (1936-1937), pages 79-80.

The Kelsey Museum has the largest collection of Parthian ceramics outside Iraq. Parthian Pottery from Seleucia on the Tigris by Nelson C. Debevoise treats the nearly 1,600 Seleucian vessels that remained intact or sufficiently complete to provide a drawing shape. Debevoise records the history of Parthian ceramics in a city that was for two centuries the cultural center of Hellenistic life in "the land of the two rivers". Second only to coins as dating material, the products of the potter's wheel provide one of the best chronological scales for archaeologists. Owing to the very nature of the material, however, pottery seldom remains intact and rarely bears a date. Archaeologists must therefore depend on catalogues of comparative material, none of which existed in the field of Parthian ceramics before the University's expedition to Seleucia.

To devise a satisfactory system of chronology for dating the pottery, Debevoise first reviewed the coins (see Coins from Seleucia on the Tigris, by Robert H. McDowell), some 30,000 of which were found at Seleucia, half with a definite provenance. Since these were datable and occurred with pottery at all levels, they provided a fairly accurate chronological index for the Parthian period. Debevoise also referred to McDowell's research on dated clay seals pertaining to taxes, salt, and slaves in order to obtain further points of chronological reference vis-a-vis the Parthian pottery. Once the chronology of the ceramics was established, it was possible to deduce other information. Research revealed that Seleucian pottery was made from local clay on a true potter's wheel, with a few pot covers and certain irregular shapes that were made by hand being the exception. When completed, the pot was removed with a piece of string from the wheel and was set aside to dry before firing. Some very thin ware was reworked before firing, and handles were stuck on after drying had progressed to a certain point. Kilns were probably fired with bundles of camel thorn, a bush that still grows in the region. In manufacture, great care in technique is apparent from the earliest levels excavated. Seleucia reached the peak of its prosperity under the Hellenistic Greeks and this economic wealth was reflected in careful workmanship. With the growth in political and economic importance of the Parthian city of Ctesiphon across the river, Seleucia probably suffered a slow decline, reflected in the increasing carelessness of manufacture and glazing and even in a decline in the amount of pottery in use. Similarly, changes in shape of cooking pots and storage jars are easily observable at different levels of excavation. The greater part of the pottery from Seleucia was discovered where the inhabitants left it, discarded and broken; only a small percent was taken from graves. [Kelsey]
"Parthian Seals" (1938)
In: Pope, Arthur Upham & Ackerman, Phyllis (eds.), A Survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present (1981 Centennial edition), vol. 1
New York: Maxwell Aley Literary Associates, 1981, 3 ed., p. 471-474.
A political history of Parthia (1938)
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938, xliii+303 p.
Abstract: "The references to Parthian affairs in the classical literature are well-known and relatively uncontroversial. Fortunately, they are incorporated in the narrative of N. C. Debevoise...." [Sellwood 1980, p. 309]. Large bibliography. Cited by Frye [1984, p. 205] as still the authoritative source.

Also, University of Chicago Press 1969 double-page reprint available; also, Greenwood Press reprint, 1970.

See reviews: G. Messina, Orientalia N.S. 8 (1939), pp. 296-297; G. Contenau, Revue d'assyriologie et d'archeologie orientale 35 (1938) 35:2, pp. 124-125; C. Bradford Welles, Classical Philology, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Oct., 1939) , pp. 394-396; Frank E. Brown, American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 42, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1938) , p. 617; W. W. Tarn, Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 30, Part 1 (1940) , pp. 110-112; V. Minorsky, Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, University of London, Vol. 10, No. 2 (1940) , pp. 541-542.
"The Origin of Decorative Stucco" (1941)
American Journal of Archaeology, 1941, vol. 45, no. 1 (Jan-Mar), p. 45-61.
"The Rock Reliefs of Ancient Iran" (1942)
Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 1942, vol. 1 (Jan), p. 76-105.
Deblauwe, Francis
A Spatial Analysis of Mesopotamian Buildings from the Late Bronze Age till the Parthian Period (1994)
University of California at Los Angeles: 1994, 814 p.
Abstract: The study of Mesopotamian buildings in general and of the Late Bronze Age till the Parthian period (ca. 1600 B.C.-224 A.D.) in specific is hampered by the shortage of fully excavated and/or preserved floor plans within clear contexts. Therefore, purely architectural data were used which do not rely on texts, ceramics, seals and other objects associated with the buildings. The commonly used categorizations of these buildings were checked: period (e.g., Neo-Babylonian), type (e.g., palace) and region (e.g., Assyria). The corpus of 331 buildings which was available for analysis is large enough to be representative for the time period and geographical area (present-day Iraq and Northeast Syria). Unfortunately, due to varying levels of incompleteness of floor plan not all buildings yielded values for all variables.

We performed a spatial analysis which focused on circulation and spacings. The circulation and access patterns were analyzed and quantified in two ways: real relative asymmetry and doorways per space. Moreover, the following spacings were distinguished and quantified: door width, longest side of a space and shortest side of a quadrilateral space.

The spatial variables gleaned from the buildings from our corpus were then statistically analyzed. First, the distribution of the values for the separate variables was discussed. Furthermore, two kinds of cluster analyses were performed: hierarchical and partitioned. The results were mixed as far as a correspondence with the commonly used categorizations is concerned. Finally, discriminant analyses by categories (including some more cultural labels) and newly established clusters were carried out. The categories were confirmed as meaningful in the analysis, the clusters were less clearly significantly coherent. The circulation variable values helped to best distinguish the different groupings of buildings but the other variables did help to obtain better discrimination of a larger number of structures.

In conclusion, the commonly used groupings based on type, region and underlying cultural strains were found in the discriminant analyses to be spatially distinctive. The attempts via cluster analyses to discover new groupings of the buildings along different lines however did not provide an outright alternative. [Author]
"Discriminant Analysis of Selected Spatial Variables Derived from Mesopotamian Buildings of the Late Bronze Age till the Parthian Period" (1997)
Mesopotamia, 1997, vol. 32, p. 271-288.
Dekhan, A.
"The Relationship of the Kushan and the Parthian Empire" (1974)
In: Tsentral' naya Aziya v kushanskuyu epokhu, I
Moscow: 1974, p. 113-117.
Del Monte, Giuseppe F.
Testi dalla Babilonia Ellenistica, 1: Testi Cronografici (1997)
In: Studi Ellenistici
Pisa-Roma: Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali, 1997
Abstract: The work contains transliterations and translations with commentary, chronological and historical studies from Astronomical Diaries, Chronicles and other relevant texts on Macedonian, Seleucid and Parthian Babylonia. Volume II (Political, Legal, and Scien
Delorme, Paul
"Un empire oublié ou initiation au monnayage parthe (II)" (2001)
Numismatique et Change, 2001, no. 319 (septembre), p. 43-45.
"Un empire oublié ou initiation au monnayage parthe (I)" (2001)
Numismatique et Change, 2001, no. 318 (Juillet/Août), p. 31-33.
"Un empire oublié ou initiation au monnayage parthe (III)" (2001)
Numismatique et Change, 2001, no. 320 (Octobre), p. 57-59.
"Un empire oublié ou initiation au monnayage parthe (IV)" (2001)
Numismatique et Change, 2001, no. 321 (Novembre), p. 38-39.
"Drachme d'argent d'Artaban IV (216-224) dernier roi des Parthes" (2002)
Numismatique et Change, 2002, no. 330 (Septembre), p. 81-82.
"Un Empire oublié : Les Parthes" (2003)
In: Annales du Groupe Numismatique de Provence, XVI 2001 [2003]
Musa : Esclave, reine et déesse (2005)
Paris: L'Harmattan, 2005, 316 p.
Abstract: Roman historique.
Musa, contrairement à Cléopâtre, dont elle est pratiquement la contemporaine, a été oubliée par l'histoire pendant vingt siècles; son existence n'est attestée que par de rares monnaies frappées à son effigie et par des auteurs classiques qui lui accordent quelques lignes. Pourtant la survenance de cette femme changea le cours des relations entre les deux super-puissances: l'empire romain d'Auguste et l'empire parthe de Phraatès IV. S'appuyant sur les textes anciens et les découvertes récentes des archéologues, ce livre est un voyage aux sources de notre civilisation. [l'Editeur]
Derakhshi, H. & Khademi, F.
"The chronological occupations of Zohak castle on the basis of three seasons of archaeological excavations (2000 – 2002)" (2006)
Bulletin of Parthian and Mixed Oriental Studies, 2006, vol. 1
Desroches, Jean-Paul
L'Asie des steppes : d'Alexandre le Grand à Gengis Khan (2000)
Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2000, 202 p.
Abstract: Several beautiful photos of Parthian artifacts. Full title: L'Asie des steppes : d'Alexandre le Grand à Gengis Khan : Barcelone, Centre cultural de la Fundació "la Caixa", 22 septembre-31 décembre 2000 : Paris, Musée national des arts asiatiques-Guimet, 23 janvier-2 avril 2001 : Madrid, Sala de exposiciones de la Fundación "la Caixa", 25 avril-1er juillet 2001
Bibliography - Page 15

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