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Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond (continued)
Dictionary of Manichaean Texts. Volume III, 1: Texts from Central Asia and China (Texts in Middle Persian and Parthian) (2004)
In: Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum : Subsidia
2004, xxx+428 p.
Abstract: Dictionary of Manichaean Parthian and Middle Persian. This book should prove immensely practical since the entries are equipped with information about the pertaining inflexional forms - and the places of the fragments where each form is to be found.

The manuscripts are identified by the numbers (and the references to the place where every word (with the exception of some most frequent words) is found by manuscript number + r(ecto) / v(erso) + number of column if applicable + number of line) which are those of the digital archive and also the index, so one can check what is written there.

See review: A. Korn, Orientalia Suecana no. 54 (2005), pp. 206-212.
Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond (ed.)
The Hymns to the Living Soul. Middle Persian and Parthian Texts in the Turfan Collection. (2006)
In: Berliner Turfantexte 24
Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2006, xliv+235 p.
Abstract: The ‘Hymns to the Living Soul’ presents texts in the Iranian languages Middle Persian and Parthian from the Turfan Collection in Berlin together with two fragments from the Otani Collection in Kyoto and one from St. Petersburg. The texts belong to the Manichaean community in Central Asia of a millennium ago which used Middle Persian and Parthian hymns in its rituals and celebrations. These hymns are predominantly in Parthian. They focus on a key area of Manichaean theology, the imprisonment of the divine principle light in the material world and the need for the Manichaean Chosen Ones to free this light, as they free themselves, in order to send it back to the paradise of light to where the Chosen Ones will eventually follow it. This edition gathers all the relevant published and unpublished texts (lists of hymns, hymns and ‘cantillated’ hymns as well as some possibly related hymns) and presents them in diplomatic edition together with a transcription and translation into English on facing pages. Unlike in previous editions great attention is paid to the formal structure of the hymns. An extensive introduction, notes, a complete glossary and facsimiles of fragments not previously reproduced accompany the edition. [Publisher]
Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond; Raschmann, Simone-Christiane; Wilkens, Jens; Yaldiz, Marianne & Zieme, Peter (eds.)
Turfan Revisited - The First Century of Research into the Arts and Cultures of the Silk Road (2004)
In: Monographien zur Indischen Archäologie, Kunst und Philologie - Band 17
Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 2004, 471 p.
Abstract: Edited by Desmond Durkin-Meisterernst, Simone-Christiane Raschmann, Jens Wilkens, Marianne Yaldiz und Peter Zieme
Durr, Niklaus
"Das Horn des Demetrios II" (1979)
Schweizer Münzblätter (Gazette Numismatique Suisse), 1979, vol. 29, no. 113 (Feb), p. 7-9.
Abstract: The beard of Demetrius II in his second reign is a Parthian fashion; the small horn above his temple is tentatively explained as the horn of Io. (Hansjorg Bloesch)
Duruy, Victor
Histoire Romaine (1850)
Abstract: Includes steel engraving "L'Asie anterieure pour les guerres contre les Parthes"
Duyckinck, Everet A.
History of the World from the Earliest Period to the Present Time Collected and Arranged from the Best Authorities (1871)
New York: Johnson, Fry and Company, 1871, vol. 1, 640 p.
Abstract: Full title: History of the World from the Earliest Period to the Present Time Collected and Arranged from the Best Authorities by Everet A. Duyckinck, Illustrated with Highly Finished Steel Engravings of Historical Events and Portraits of Eminent Men from Original Paintings by Alonzo Chappel, Paul De La Roche, Gerome, Copley Weir Powell, and Other Eminent Artists. Volume I. New York: Johnson, Fry and Company, 27 Beckman Street, 1871.
Duyrat, F.
"Le monnayage parthe -- Les grandes questions" (2002)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Les Parthes: l'histoire d'un empire méconnu, rival de Rome
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 2002, no. 271 (Mar), p. 34-41.
Abstract: Malgré la multiplication des recherches archéologiques, de nombreux aspects de la civilisation et de l'histoire parthe demeurent mal connus, faute de textes. Il existe pourtant une source d'information abondante et relativement accessible sur cette période : la monnaie. Les rois parthes ont en effet commencé à frapper l'argent de bonne heure. Ces émissions se sont ensuite prolongées jusqu'à la fin de leur dynastie. Elles ont depuis longtemps attiré l'attention des savants par leur apparence, mais aussi parce qu'elles fournissent des indications précieuses – parfois difficiles à interpréter – sur l'histoire de cet empire. [Publisher]
Dyson, R. H.
"Triangle-Festoon Ware Reconsidered" (1999)
Iranica Antiqua, 1999, vol. 34
"The Achaemenid Pottery of Hasnalu IIIA" (In press)
Anatolian Studies, vol. XLIX
Ebeling, Erich
Neubabylonische Briefe aus Uruk, Berlin (1930-1934)
Berlin: 1934
Abstract: Transliterates and translates the three letters (or form-letters) 15, 115, and 196 whose copies were given by A.T. Clay in YOS, Babylonian Texts, vol. III, 1919. They are discussed at length by R.A. Parker and W.H. Dubberstein, Babylonian chronology 626 B. C. - A. D. 75, pp. 1-2 and by S. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian scholars to the kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal. Paul-Alain Beaulieu discusses letter 115 in The reign of Nabonidus, King of Babylon, 556-539 B.C., (1983), pp. 162-163.
Geschichte des Orients von Tode Alexanders des Grossen bis zum Einbruch des Islams (1939)
In: Sammlung Goschen. bd. 1126
Berlin: W. de Gruyter & co., 1939, 147 p.
Doctrina (1794)
Abstract: "Eckhel, who had before him the researches of Froelich and Pellerin, was able in the third volume of his Doctrina (1794) to improve greatly upon the attributions of Vaillant, and paved the way for the meritorious investigations of Visconti, Charles Lenormant, Bartholomaei (1848), and Lindsay." -- Wroth [BMC Parthia, xiii]
Eddy, Samuel K.
Oriental religious resistance to Hellenism (1958)
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1958, 488 p.
The King is Dead. Studies in the Near Eastern Resistance to Hellenism 334-31 B.C. (1961)
University of Nebraska Press, 1961, p. 390.
Abstract: The aim of this book is to search for evidence of Oriental opposition to Hellenic imperialism, to discover its causes and the ways it was advocated and justified, to show what forms it took, and to find out what effects it had, both immediate and more far-reaching. The resistance was justified almost universally in religious terms, especially from the point of view of the Oriental theology about kingship. Kings were believed to be vice-regents of the great high gods, of Ahura Mazdah, of Yahweh, or of Marduk, or even to be gods themselves, as in Egypt. The law these kings enforced was divine law; therefore, Macedonian and Greek imperialism was an attack on the all-ruling gods of the East.

The Eastern regions examined are: Persia, the other parts of Iran, Mesopotamia, Syria, Anatolia, Jewish Palestine, the settlements of Jews elsewhere in the ancient world, and Egypt. Each of these regions or peoples had its own unique culture, different in greater or lesser degree from all the other civilizations in the Near East. [Publisher]
"The Rise of Parthia" (1972)
In: Magill, Frank N. (ed.), Great Events from History: Ancient and Medieval Series
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 1972
Edmonds, C. J.
"The Place Names of the Avroman Parchments" (1952)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1952, vol. 14, p. 478-482.
Edson, Charles F.
"Imperium Macedonicum: the Seleucid Empire and the Literary Evidence" (1958)
Classical Philology, 1958, vol. 53, no. (July), p. 153-170.
Edwell, Peter
Between Rome and Persia : The Middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Palmyra Under Roman Control (2007)
London: Routledge, 2007, 304 p.
Abstract: This detailed history of explores Rome’s interaction with its Persian neighbour and enemy from the first century BC to the third century AD. Peter Edwell takes the innovative approach in treating the area in regional terms, giving more nuanced interpretations than are available in broader treatments of the Roman Near East. [Publisher]

Table of Contents:
1. Rome on the Euphrates and in Mesopotamia ca. 65 BC to AD 165
2. Rome and Palmyra ca. 65 BC to AD 165
3. The Province of Mesopotamia and the Division of Syria under the Severans
4. Roman Military Organisation of the Middle Euphrates, Palmyra and Mesopotamia ca. AD 200–257
5. Conflict Between Rome and Sasanian Persia Involving the Middle Euphrates and Mesopotamia
6. Palmyra and Rome: AD 260–72
Egbal, Haydeh
"The Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian Periods on the Izeh Plain" (1976)
In: Museum of Anthropology, The University of Michigan Technical Reports Number 10, Research Reports in Archaeology Contribution 5
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1976
Eggermont, P. H. L.
Rez. zu F. Altheim u. J. Rehork, Der Hellenismus in Mittelasien (1975)
Bibliotheca Orientalis, 1975, vol. 32, p. 415-418.
Eggert, Gerhard
"The enigmatic battery of Baghdad" (1996)
Skeptical Inquirer, 1996, vol. 20, no. May-Jun
Ehling, Kay
"Die Nachfolgeregelung des Antiochos VII. vor seinem Aufbruch in den Partherkrieg (131 v.Chr.)" (1996)
Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte, 1996, vol. 46, p. 31-37.
Ehrhard, N.
"Parther und parthische Geschichte bei Tacitus" (1998)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse. The Arsacid empire: Sources and documentation. Beiträge des internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27. - 30. Juni 1996)
Stuttgart: Steiner, 1998, p. 295-307.
Ehrhardt, Chris
"Greek and Roman coins in New Zealand collections" (1991)
In: Hackens, T. & et al (eds.), Proceedings of the XIth International Numismatic Congress (Brussels, Sep 1991), vol. 1
Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium: Association Professeur Marcel Hoc, 1993, p. 13-22.
Ehsani, Mohammad Taghi
Seven Thousand Years of Metallic Arts in Persia [in Persian] (2003)
Tehran: Sherkat Entesharat Elmi Va Farhangi, 2003, 246 p.
Abstract: Five pages of preface are in English, the rest is in Farsi. Illustrated with b/w plates. Some subjects covered are: copper age, ancient treasures, bronze age, iron age, Sasanid, Hakhamaneshian, Ashkanian, the Islamic era, the Samanid, Seljuk, Mogul, Khorasan, Ilkhanid, Timurid, the art of Persian armor from the Sasanid to the Safavid. Some of illustrations include: Safavid brass pail, Safavid arm guards (bazuband), Timurid candle holder, Seljuk tray, gold Parthian bowl, gold Sasanid earrings, Safavid armor, Safavid kulah khud, Safavid jewelry, Shah Abbas Safavid composite Persian armor, Safavid shield, bazuband and many more. [Dealer]
Eichmann, R.
"Zur Konstruktion und Spielhaltung der altorientalische Spiesslautenãvon den Anfaengen bis in die Seleukidisch-Parthische Zeit" (1988)
Baghdader Mitteilungen, 1988, vol. 19, p. 583-625.
Eiland, Murray L.
"Roman coins found at Nineveh provide evidence of trade between rival empires" (1992)
The Celator, 1992, vol. 6, no. 11, p. 30-32.
Parthian Nineveh (1995)
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, 474 p.
Abstract: Thesis (D.Phil.)--University of Oxford, 1995
Abstract: The archaeology and history of the Parthian period (c. 150 B. C. - A. D. 250) in Iraq has received little serious attention from scholars in recent years. This thesis used objects in British museum collections from Nineveh as a focus for the study of this period in Northern Mesopotamia, combining traditional archaeological and numismatic analysis with scientific studies. Chapter I presents a critical analysis of the excavated evidence for the occupation of Nineveh in the Parthian period with special attention to distinctive artefacts such as figurines, lamps, and moulded bowls. Chapter II uses petrographic and chemical analysis of selected ceramics to elucidate the materials and methods of manufacture, with particular attention to identifying local and foreign wares: Special attention is paid to glazed wares. Chapter III is a numismatic study based on a major hoard of Parthian bronze coins from Nineveh. A complete re-classification of the hoard not only identifies a number of new coin types, but also provides a revised list of the rulers who issued coins of Nineveh. Chapter IV investigates all aspects of Roman involvement with Nineveh and its place in the stormy relationship between Rome and Parthia. Evidence is advanced for there having been contingents of Roman troops stationed at Nineveh and the site placed within its context in the state of Adiabene. (Index to Theses 46-356)
"The technology of Parthian ceramics and glass industries" (1996)
In: Paper presented at the International Conference on Ancient Science and Technology, University of Wales, Gregynog, 6-8 Sep 1995
1996, vol. 60, p. 105-120.
Abstract: This paper addresses ceramic and glass materials form the Parthian (150 BC-AD 250) period in Mesopotamia, with particular reference to political motives for continuity rather than change. Archaeological evidence suggests that the Parthian tradition of green glazed ceramics (using a soda-lime alkali glaze) is not one from Iran, but rather one that was adapted from southern Mesopotamia and brought north as the Parthians extended their political control. The green glaze tradition did not reach Central Asia until the late Parthian period, and a similar glazing technology was not adopted (in antiquity) in western China until the T'ang Dynasty (AD 618-907).

This geographical progression of green glaze points to a number of interesting observations. Perhaps the most significant is that during this period trade in vessels to various areas did not appear to stimulate local imitation wares of a particular type were associated with political blocks. More significantly, the tradition of Roman lead glazing was not adopted in any of the Parthian regions, and did not spread into Mesopotamia or Central Asia. The site of Nineveh during the Parthian period is most instructive, as technologically superior lead glazed vessels from Anatolia were produced no more than 200 kilometres away from the site. There appears to be some attempt at local imitation, but Parthian wares of Roman style from Nineveh are crudely made with a slip instead of a lead glaze.

Glass also appears to have been produced on a limited scale in the Parthian empire. While the site of Dura-Europos on the Euphrates - in Roman controlled Syria - offers substantial evidence for the trade of glass, there is a corresponding lack of evidence from Nineveh or other Parthian sites.

Although a number of studies have addressed the topic of technological change without particular regard to national boundaries, it is clear that during the Parthian period there was a significant divide between Roman and Parthian worlds. [Author]
"Ceramics of the silk road: Parthia and China" (1996)
Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society, 1996, vol. 60, p. 105-120.
"Parthians and Romans at Nineveh" (1998)
In: Dabrowa, Edward, Ancient Iran and the mediterranean world. Proceedings of an international conference in honour of Professor Józef Wolski held at the Jagiellonian university, Cracow, in September 1996 (Electrum. Studies in Ancient History. 2.)
"The Parthian 'dark age' : history from coins" (1999)
The Celator, 1999, vol. 13, no. 3 (Mar), p. 38-42.
"Judaism among the Parthians" (2000)
Minerva, 2000, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 45-46.
Parthians In Nineveh: Identifying a Nomadic Administration (2003)
"Parthian Coins: Lesion Lessons" (2004)
Minerva, 2004, vol. 15, no. 1 (Jan/Feb), p. 45-47.
Eilers, Wilhelm
"Iran and Mesopotamia" (1983)
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran. The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods, vol. 3, part 1
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. 481-504.
El-Khouri, Lamia Salem
The Nabataean Terracotta Figurines (2001)
Manheim: University of Manheim, 2001
Abstract: Extensive comparisons of Parthian and Nabataen art.
Elmen, J. F.
"Some observations on the planchets, striking technique and dies of the Parthian drachm forgeries" (1994-1995)
Bulletin on Counterfeits, 1994, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 34-35.
Abstract: Elmen concludes that, by using a binocular microscope, he positively determined that a representative group of the suspect Parthian drachms illustrated by A. Walker (in the same issue, pp. 2-33) are definitely false.
Elsen, Jean
Sale Catalog -- Jean Elsen Fixed Price List 212 (2000)
Brussels: Jean Elsen, s.a., 2000, vol. 212
Abstract: Illustrates coins of Persis (15), Characene (1), Elymais (3), Parthia (28), Sasanian (29), and Bactria (6).
Elwell-Sutton, Laurence Paul
A guide to Iranian area study (1952)
Ann Arbor: J. W. Edwards, 1952, 235 p.
Engelmann, H.
"Eine Victoria Caesaris und das Parthermonument (IvE 721)" (1996)
Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 1996, vol. 113, p. 91-93.
Engle, Anita
"Puzzle of the Royal Glass Rhytons" (1985)
In: Engle, Anita (ed.), Readings in Glass History, vol 19
Phoenix, 1985, p. 100.
Abstract: Traces the origins of Glass Rhytons from the Roman period and their association with the Parthian Empire. Also includes articles on Sidonian glass and relationship with glass found at Begram in Afghanistan.
English, Paul Ward
"Qanats and Lifeworlds in Iranian Plateau Villages" (1998)
In: Transformations of Middle Eastern Natural Environments: Legacies and Lessons. Bulletin series / Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies ; no. 103
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998, p. 187-205.
Abstract: Through a review of the literature on qanat history, this article provides an overview of one of the most significant hydraulic technologies of the pre-modern Middle East. The article covers qanat origins, diffusion and construction techniques, then compares the productivity and sustainability of qanats with modern deep well systems powered by motorized pumps. The replacement of qanats with deep wells has serious implications for the ground water resources of much of the Middle East. The profound importance of qanats in shaping the lifeworlds of villagers in pre-modern Iranian plateau settlements has meant that the shift towards reliance on deep well systems has had ramifications for plateau society that go far beyond water resource exploitation. [Author]
Enoki, K., Koshelenko, Gennadij A. & Haidary, Z.
"The Yüeh-chih and the migrations" (1994)
In: Harmatta, Janos (ed.), History of Civilizations of Central Asia, vol. 2 : The development of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: 700 B.C. to A.D. 250
Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1994, p. 171-189.
Abstract: Contents:
"Introduction" by J. Harmatta
"Ancient Iranian Nomads in western Central Asia" by A. Abetekov and H. Yusupov
"Media and Achaemenid Iran" by M.A. Dandamayev
"Alexander and his successors in Central Asia" by A.H. Dani and P. Bernard
"The Greek kingdoms of Centra Asia" by P. Bernard
"Parthia" by G.A. Koshelenko and V.N. Pilipko
"Nomads in eastern central Asia" by N. Ishjamts
"The Yüeh-chih and their migrations" by K. Enoki, G.A. Koshelenko and Z. Haidary
"The Sakas and Indo-Parthians" by B.N. Puri
"The culture of the Xinjiang Region" by Ma Yong and Wang Binhua
"The Western Regions under the Hsiung-nu and the Han" by Ma Yong and Sun Yutang
"The Kushans" by B.N. Puri
"Economy and social system in Central Asia in the Kushan age" by A.R. Mukhamedjanov
"Cities and urban life in the Kushan kingdom" by B.A. Litvinsky
"Religions in the Kushan Empire" by J. Harmatta, with the contributions of B.N. Puri, L. Lelekov, S. Humayan, D.C. Sircar
"Kushan art" by G.A. Pugachenkova, S.R. Dar, R.C. Sharma, M.A. Joyenda, in collaboration with H. Siddiqi
"Languages and scripts in Graeco-Bactria and the Saka kingdoms" by J. Harmatta
"Languages and literature in the Kushan Empire" by J. Harmatta
"States in north-western Central Asia" by N.N. Negmatov
"The nomads of northern Central Asia after the invasion of Alexander" by Y.A Zadneprovskiy
"The rise of Sasania Iran" by B.A. Litvinsky, with the contributions of M. Hussain Shah and R. Shabani Samghabadi
"Conclusion" by J. Harmatta
Erdmann, Kurt
"Partho-Sasanid Art" (1930)
Apollo, 1930, vol. 12, p. 422-426.
Abstract: Traite principalement de l'art sassanide
"Partho-Sassanian Ceramics" (1935)
The Burlington Magazine, 1935, vol. 67, p. 71-77.
"Eine arsakidische Fayenceschale" (1964)
In: Bittel, Kurt; Heinrich, Ernst; Hrouda, Barthel & Nagel, Wolfram (eds.), Vorderasiatische Archäologie: Studien und Aufsätze Anton Moortgat zum fünfundsechzigsten Geburtstag gewidmet von Kollegen, Freunden und Schülern
Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1964, p. 85-87.
"Iran. Parther und Sasaniden by Roman Ghirshman" (book review) (1964)
In: Gnomon. Kritische Zeitschrift für die gesamte klassische Altertumswissenschaft, vol. 36
1964, p. 485-493.
Errington, E. & Curtis, Vesta Sarkhosh
From Persepolis to the Punjab. Exploring Ancient Iran (2007)
London: British Museum Press, 2007
Abstract: Discusses details of Phraates conflict with Tiridates.
Bibliography - Page 18

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