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Bibliography Page 37

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Lidzbarski, M.
"Die münzen der Characene mit mandaischen legenden" (1921)
Zeitschrift für Numismatik, 1921, vol. 33
Lieberman, Samuel
"Who Were Pliny's Blue-Eyed Chinese?" (1957)
Classical Philology, 1957, vol. 52, no. 3 (Jul), p. 174-177.
Liebmann-Frankfort, Thérèse
La frontière orientale dans la politique extérieure de la République romaine depuis le traité d'Apamée jusqu'à la fin des conquêtes asiatiques de Pompée (189-63) (1969)
In: Brussels, Académie royale de Belgique (1969), vol. 93, Cl. des Lettres et Sciences Morales et Politiques, Mém. 59, fasc. 5
Brussels: Académie royale de Belgique, 1969, p. 500-501.
Abstract: See review by Chester G. Starr in American Journal of Philology, vol. 93 (1972), p. 500-501.
"L'histoire dea Parthes dans le livre XLI de Trogue Pompée essai d'indentification de ses sources" (1969)
Latomus, 1969, vol. 28, no. 4, p. 894-922.
Lieu, Samuel N. C.
Manichaeism in Central Asia and China (1998)
Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1998, xiii+258 p.
Abstract: See chapt II "From Parthian into Chinese: Some observations on the Traktat (Traite) Pelliot", pp. 59-75.
"Rome on the Euphrates - The Final Siege of Dura-Europos" (2007)
In: Aspects of the Roman East : Papers in Honour of Professor Fergus Millar FBA [Studia Antiqua Australiensia (SAA 3)]
Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2007
Lightfoot, Chris S.
"Trajan's Parthian War and the Fourth-Century Perspective" (1990)
Journal of Roman Studies, 1990, vol. 80, p. 115-126.
Limouzin-Lamothe Y Martal, Rogelio
Determinative Components Of The Caldeograms In Middle Iranian (Sassanid Frahang, Pahlavig And Parthian) (1988)
1988, 615 p.
Abstract: Universitat De Barcelona (Spain). This is a fragmentary piece of research concerning Aramean or Aramean-like elements, the so called Ideograms, drawn from Pahlavig and Parthian literary and epigraphic texts and from Sassanid Frahang. The position adopted is a futuristic one and it demonstrates, in 615 pages, that the 687 ideograms studied in detail, taken from a compilation of nearly 3.000, must be considered as Caldeograms and as components of hybrid languages, and most probably restricted products of languages and cultures in contact, such as Caldeopahlavig and Caldeoparthian. This initial research will be enlarged to a much greater extent in the future, to also include Sogdian, the important cultural and religious language of geographical transition. [Author]
Lindenberger, James M.
Ancient Aramaic and Hebrew Letters (1994)
In: Writings from the ancient world ; vol. 4
Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994
Lindsay, John
A view of the history and coinage of the Parthians, with descriptive catalogues and tables, illus. with a complete set of engravings of coins, a large number of them unpublished (1852)
Cork: J. Crowe, 1852, vii+250 p.
Abstract: Elibron Classics reprint, 2003. http://elibron.com including color plates.
Lipinski, E.
"L'inscription de la statue de Verethragna" (1993)
In: Skalmowski, W. & van Tongerloo, A. (eds.), Middle Iranian studies : proceedings of the International Symposium organized by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven from the 17th to the 20th of May 1982
Leuven: 1993, p. 127-134.
Lippolis, Carlo
"Nisa-Mithradatkert: l'edificio a nord della Sala Rotonda. Rapporto preliminare delle campagne di scavo 2000-2001" (2002)
Parthica, 2002, vol. 4, p. 47-62.
"L'ancienne Nisa, La forteresse de Mithridate" (2002)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Les Parthes: l'histoire d'un empire méconnu, rival de Rome
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 2002, no. 271 (Mar), p. 42-45.
Abstract: Depuis 1990, la mission archéologique italo-turkmène, dirigée par le professeur A. Invernizzi de l'Université de Turin, effectue des recherches à l'ancienne Nisa (Turkménistan), afin de compléter et intégrer les résultats exceptionnels obtenus par les chercheurs soviétiques à partir des années 30. Aujourd'hui, nous disposons d'un relevé topographique complet de la citadelle et de nouvelles données importantes pour notre connaissance de l'architecture officielle et de l'art de la cour arsacide. [Publisher]
"Novije Issledovanija Staroj Nisji" (2003)
In: Kulturnye Ziennosti 2000-2001
Ashkhabad: 2003
"Nisa-Mithradatkert: the building to the north of the Round Hall. Preliminary Report of the 2000-2001 excavations campaign" (2003)
Central Asia Cultural Values, 2003, vol. 1, no. 2 (Jun), p. 1-17.
Nisa Partica su Enciclopedia Archeologica Treccani (collana Il Mondo dell'Archeologia), forthcoming (2004)
"Nisa-Mithradatkert: l'edificio a nord della Sala Rotonda. Rapporto preliminare delle campagne di scavo 2002-2003" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6
"La célébration d'une dynastie. Nisa, forteresse arsacide" (2004)
In: Rois de légende
Histoire Antique, 2004, vol. Hors-Série, no. 7 (Sep-Nov), p. 66-71.
Attività della missione archeologica italiana a Nisa Vecchia – Mitridatocerta (Turkmenistan) (2005)
Internet: Archaeogate, 2005
Abstract: Redazione Archaeogate, 29-08-2005
"La Sala Rotonda e l'Edificio Rosso. Bilancio e prospettive delle attività della missione italiana a Nisa Vecchia (1990-2004)" (forthcoming) (2005)
Topoi orient-occident, 2005
"Osservazioni sui fregi in pietra dall'Edificio Rosso di Nisa Vecchia" (2005)
In: Dabrowa, Edward (ed.), Electrum (Uniwersytet Jagiellonski. Instytut Historii) ; vol. 10. Ancient Iran and its Neighbours. Studies in Honour of Prof. Jozef Wolski on Occasion of his 95th Birthday
Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press, 2005
"Les recherches italiennes sur l'Ancienne Nisa" (2006)
In: Turkménistan, un berceau culturel en Asie centrale
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 2006, no. 317 (Oct), p. 58-65.
Abstract: L’histoire des fouilles archéologiques dans la citadelle royale de l’Ancienne Nisa est désormais longue et complexe. Notre connaissance de l’architecture et de l’art des Parthes a tiré un bénéfice fondamental des recherches menées dans l’antique Mithridatkert (ou Mihrdarkirt), l'un des premiers centres monumentaux des Arsacides. À partir des années trente tout d’abord, grâce aux sondages ponctuels de Maroushenko, puis grâce à la mission soviétique de la YuTAKE (1946-1967) et enfin, dans le dernier quart du XXe siècle, grâce aux missions conjointes turkmènes, russes et italiennes. [Author]
"Nisa-Mitridatkert. Alle origini dell’arte dei Parti" (2007)
In: Messina, V. (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro. Da Seleucia al Gandhara, catalog of the exhibition in Turin, February-May 2007, Palazzo Madama, Milano
2007, p. 147-153.
"Nisa-Mitridatkert. Alle origini dell'Arte dei Parti" (2007)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara (Catalog of the exhibition, Palazzo Madama, Torino, 27 Feb to 27 May 2007)
Torino: Edizioni Silvana Editoriale, 2007
"Ricerche a Nisa Partica: arte ed architettura dei primi Arsacidi" (2007)
In: Atti dei Lincei della Giornata in memoria di Giorgio Gullini
2007, p. 193-210.
"Notes on the Iranian Traditions in the Architecture of Old Nisa" (2009)
In: Orbis Parthicus: Studies in Memory of Professor Józef Wolski
Electrum, 2009, vol. 15, p. 53-72.
Lippolis, Carlo & Messina, V.
"Preliminary Report on the 2007 Italian Excavations in Parthian Nisa" (2008)
Parthica, 2008, vol. 10, p. 53-61.
Lissner, Jonah Gabriel
Adiabene, Jewish Kingdom of Mesopotamia (2000)
In: Khazaria.com : A Resource for Turkic and Jewish History in Russia and Ukraine
Abstract: Published at Khazaria.com with permission of the author.
Littlefield, Walter
"The Fall of Bagdad and its Possible Effect on the War" (1917)
In: The New York Times Midweek Pictorial (exact date uncertain, 1917)
New York Times, 1917
Abstract: Page 2 picture is captioned, "The Facade and arched hall of the palace of the Parthian Kings at Ctesiphon, from whose ruins, in 637 A.D., much of the neighboring City of Bagdad was built."
Litvinsky, B. A.
"A Golden Ring with a Horseman Incised on its Turquoise" (2000)
Parthica, 2000, vol. 2, p. 125-130.
"Hellenistic Clay Portraits from the Temple of the Oxus" (2003)
Parthica, 2003, vol. 5, p. 37-62.
Litvinsky, B. A. & Pichikiyan, I. R.
"Taxt-i Sangín, der Oxustempel: Grabungsbefund, Stratigraphie und Architektur", (2002)
In: Archäologie in Iran und Turan 4.
2002, p. 133-167.
Abstract: On several pages of the monograph coins found during the excavations are mentioned: i.e. Bactrian issues, imitations of Parthian coins, and coins of the Kushan empire. [Hans R. Baldus]
Litvinsky, B. A., Shah, M. Hussain & Samghabadi, R. Shabani
"The rise of Sasania Iran" (1994)
In: Harmatta, Janos (ed.), History of Civilizations of Central Asia, vol. 2 : The development of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: 700 B.C. to A.D. 250
Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1994, p. 473-484.
Abstract: By B.A. Litvinsky, with the contributions of M. Hussain Shah and R. Shabani Samghabadi. The opening paragraph discusses reasons for the decline of Parthia.
Litvinsky, J. A.
"New Parthian Documents from South-Turkmenistan" (1977)
Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1977, vol. 25, p. 57 ff.
Livshits, V. A.
"New Parthian Documents from South Turkmenistan" (1977)
Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1977, vol. 25, no. 1-4, p. 157-185.
"Novye parfjanskie nadpisi iz Turkmenii i Iraka" (1984)
Epigrafika Vosyoka, 1984, vol. 22, p. 8-40.
"Three New Ostraca Documents from Old Nisa" (2003)
In: Compareti, Matteo; Raffetta, Paola & Scarcia, Gianroberto (eds.), Eran ud Aneran, Webfestschrift Marshak 2003. Studies presented to Boris Ilich Marshak on occasion of his 70th birthday (Webfestschrift Marshak 2003)
Buenos Aires: Transoxiana, 2003
"Three Silver Bowls from the Isakovka Burial-Ground No. 1 with Khwarezmian and Parthian Inscriptions" (2003)
Ancient civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, 2003, vol. 9, no. 1-2 (Mar), p. 147-172.
Livshits, V. A. & Nikitin, Alexander B.
"Parfyanskie nadpisis Gyobekly-depe" [The Parthian Epigraphic Remains from Gobekli-depe, in Russian] (1989)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1989, vol. 190, no. 3, p. 80-89.
Abstract: See English translation in Corolla Iranica: Papers in Honour of Prof. Dr. David Neil MacKenzie (1991)
"The Parthian Epigraphic Remains from Gobekli-depe and Some Other Parthian Inscriptions" (1991)
In: Emmerick, R. E. & Weber, D. (eds.), Corolla Iranica: Papers in Honour of Prof. Dr. David Neil MacKenzie
Frankfurt am Main: P. Lang, 1991, p. 109-126.
"Parthian and Middle-Persian Documents from South Turkmenistan. A Survey" (1994)
Ancient civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, 1994, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 312-323.
Livshits, V. A. & Xurshudjan, E. Sh.
"Le titre MRTPTY sur un seau parthe et l'arménien mardpet" (1989)
Paris: Studia Iranica, 1989, vol. 18, p. 169-191.
Lloyd, Seton
Twin Rivers : A Brief History of Iraq from the Earliest Times to the Present Day (1943)
Oxford University Press, 1943, 1 ed., viii_230 p.
Abstract: For a professional excavator to achieve a coherent account in a few thousand words of the longest history of any single state in the world he must rely largely on citation as well as paraphrased abbreviation.' Down a vista of six thousand years, after an expert account of archaeological discoveries, we glimpse the dusty armies of famous conquerors, the rise of one of the world's great religions, the devastation of the Mongols who not only slaughtered nearly the entire population of Baghdad but systematically destroyed the dams and irrigation channels on which the prosperity of the land depended. Iraq has had a chequered history, but the new state, which attained independence in 1932, can look hopefully to the future. [Publisher]
Ruined cities of Iraq (1945)
Oxford University Press, 1945, 3 ed., 70 p.
Loftus, William Kennett
Travels and researches in Chaldaea and Susiana; with an account of excavations at Warka, the "Erech" of Nimrod, and Shush, "Shushan the Palace" of Esther, in 1849-52.... (1857)
New York: Robert Carter, 1857, xvi+436 p.
Abstract: Full title: Travels and researches in Chaldaea and Susiana; with an account of excavations at Warka, the "Erech" of Nimrod, and Shush, "Shushan the Palace" of Esther, in 1849-52, Under the Orders of
Major-General Sir W. F. Williams of Kars and also of The Assyrian Excavation Fund in 1853-4

Topixs include Parthian coins and illustrations of several Parthian artifacts.
Loginov, S. D. & Nikitin, Alexander B.
"Sasanian Coins of the third century from Merv" (1993)
Mesopotamia, 1993, vol. 28, p. 225-241.
"Parthian Coins from Margiana: Numismatics and History" (1998)
In: Studies in Honor of Vladimir A. Livshits
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1998, tome/ser. New, vol. 10, p. 39-51.
Abstract: Catalog of all the recent finds of early Parthian coins from the oasis of Merv in Turkmenistan, most of the IUTAKE finds (exact provenance and weights not specified), and some coins of Margiana mintage from several museum and private collections.
Longden, R. P.
"Notes on the Parthian Campaign of Trajan" (1931)
Journal of Roman Studies, 1931, vol. 21, p. 1-35.
Longnon, Jean
"Plutarque et la coiffure des Parthes et des Nomades" (1980)
Journal des savants, 1980, no. Jan-Jun
Bibliography - Page 37

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