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Bibliography Page 44

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Nadooshan, F.; Arkan, Faezeh; Arkan, Ali Reza; & Saffari, Mohammad
"Scythian in Eastern Border of Parthia : A Numismatic Evidence" (2006)
Parthica, 2006, vol. 8, p. 195ff.
Nadooshan, Farhang Khademi; Azizipoure Tahereh & Qanbari, Batul
"Parthian forgeries : the numismatic evidence" (2006)
The Celator, 2006, vol. 20, no. 4 (Apr), p. 34-36.
Narain, A. K.
The Indo-Greeks (1957)
Oxford: 1957
Nasir, Pervin T.
Rare Coins in the National Museum of Pakistan Karachi (1997)
Karachi: Times Press (Private) Ltd., 1997, 360 p.
Abstract: Pervin T. Nasir, Head of the National Museum of Pakistan made a comprehensive and analytical study of the rare coins of different dynasties, such as coinage of ancient period, Arabs, Mediaeval, Ghaznavides, Sultan of Delhi, Mughals, Durranies and Native states etc. She has summed up history of coinage of about 2000 years of Central and South Asia in a comprehensive way.

Chapter One – Ancient Coinage:
Punch-Marked Coins, Greek Kings of Bactria and Indus, Indus–Scythians, Indus–Parthians, Kishan Kings, Gupta Kings
Nasr, Taghi
Essai sur l'histoire du droi Persan des origines a l'invasion arabe (1933)
Paris: 1933
Abstract: Vol. 1 - Pre-Sassanide
Vol. 2 - Le droit Sassanide
Naster, Paul
La collection Lucien de Hirsch; catalogue des monnaies grecques (1959)
In: 2 volumes
Brussels: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, 1959, 353 p.
Abstract: Contents.-v.1. Text.-v.2. Plates
"Les sicles persiques a la demi-figure dans leur contexte numismatique" (1962)
Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique, 1962, vol. 17, no. 6, p. 170-171.
"Note d'epigraphie monetaire de Perside: fratakara, frataraka, ou fratadara?" (1968)
Iranica Antiqua, 1970, vol. 8, p. 74-80.
Abstract: 1968, published 1970. On the coins of the first dynasts of Persis, (3rd century B.C.) the title of the dynast has been read in different ways. The reading fratadara, meaning guardian of the fire, has been generally accepted. There are several reasons to preferfrataraka, govenor, or even the long abandoned fratakara, the first of the army, the chief of the army. [Author]
"Fire Altar or Fire-tower on the Coins of Persis?" (1970)
Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 1970, vol. 1, p. 125-129.
Abstract: L'intérprétation comme autel de feu de la construction qui se trouve au revers des plus anciennes séries dynastiques de Perside. [Author]

On the first series of the coins of Persis the dynast is depicted worshipping near an object or building, eithera fire-altar or a fire-tower. Comparisons with Median reliefs, Achamenid reliefs and seals and later coins of Persis and Sasanians prove a fire-altar is represented. [Author]
"Asie Minure, Mésopotamie, Iran et Inde" (1973)
In: Naster, Paul, Colbert de Beaulieu, J.-B. & Fagerlie, Joan M. (eds.), A survey of numismatic research : 1966-1971, vol. 1. Ancient numismatics
New York: International Numismatic Commission, 1973, p. 135-176.
"Koninklijke iconografie van Parthische stijl te Edessa" [The royal iconography of Parthian style at Edessa] (1991)
In: Acta Orientalia Belgica, vi, Humana condicio - La condition humaine
Brussels: Belgian Society of Oriental Studies, 1991, p. 343-353.
Abstract: In this article on the iconography of the coins of the kingdom of Edessa, the author demonstrates that the coins of Ma'nu VIII, Abgar VIII, and especially of Abgar X show very clear Iranian influences. The author asks us to note the following misprints: p. 346 (1) 1. 6 Abgar X (not IX) and p. 350 (4) 1. 3 AYTOK (not AYTOC). (Johan van Heesch)
National Bank of Uzbekistan
Catalog of Antique and Medieval coins of Central Asia: Coins from the collection of The National Bank of Uzbekistan, Anniversary Edition (vol. 4) (1999)
Tashkent: 1999, 75 p.
Abstract: Coinage of the Silk Road: Parthia, Sasanian, Sogdiana, Chach, Semirechie and other areas of Central Asian.
Catalog of Antique and Medieval coins of Central Asia: 100 coins from the collection of The National Bank of Uzbekistan, vol. 1 (1999)
Tashkent: 1999, 101 p.
Abstract: Coinage of the Silk Road: Parthia, Sasanian, Sogdiana, Chach, Semirechie and other areas of Central Asian.
Catalog of Antique and Medieval coins of Central Asia: 100 coins from the collection of The National Bank of Uzbekistan, vol. 2 (1999)
Tashkent: 1999, 75 p.
Abstract: Coinage of the Silk Road: Parthia, Sasanian, Sogdiana, Chach, Semirechie and other areas of Central Asian.
Catalog of Antique and Medieval coins of Central Asia: 100 coins from the collection of The National Bank of Uzbekistan, vol. 3 (1999)
Tashkent: 1999, 73 p.
Abstract: Coinage of the Silk Road: Parthia, Sasanian, Sogdiana, Chach, Semirechie and other areas of Central Asian.
Naumann, E.
"Ausgrabungen auf dem Takht-i-Suleiman" (1960)
Mitteilungen des Instituts fur Auslandsbeziehungen, 1960, no. Jul-Dec, p. 211-216.
Naumann, E. & Osten, H. H. von der
Takht-i-Sulaiman (1961)
Berlin: 1961
Naumann, Rudolf
"Die Architektur des Takht-I Suleiman" (1976)
In: Akten des VII. Internationalen Kongresses für Iranische Kunst und Archäologie : München, 7.-10. September 1976. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran. Ergänzungsband 6
Berlin: D. Reimer, 1977, p. xxi-xxviii.
Naveh, Joseph
"The North-Mesopotamian Aramaic script-type in the Late Parthian period" (1972)
Israel Oriental Studies, 1972, vol. 2, p. 293-304.
Nawabi, M.
"A Small Parthian Inscription from the Nayyeri Collection" (1993)
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 1993, vol. 143, p. 192-193.
Needleman, Saul B.
"Roman coins showing military victories, pt. 1 : Roman wars with Parthia" (1974)
Journal of Numismatic Fine Arts, 1974, vol. 3, no. 1 (summer), p. 3-7.
Negahban, Ezzatollah
Temple of Anahita, Kangavar
Abstract: This book is the outcome of researches carried out by a long-time collaborator of the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization for the conservation of the Temple of Anahita. The main topics developed in this illustrated book are: Archaeological survey, Bas-reliefs, Parthians' religious behavior, Investigation of Sassanian and Elamite layers, Engraved signs and marks, antecedents of burial practices, Objects discovered and stratigraphy. [Publisher]
Negro Ponzi, M.
"The glassware from Seleucia (Central Iraq)" (2002)
Parthica, 2002, vol. 4
"The glass typology and chronology in Mesopotamia in the Parthian and Sasanian period: a revision" (2003)
In: Paper presented at the Annales du 16e Congrès de l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre, London, 7-13 Sep 2003
Abstract: Recent analyses on glassware from archaeological excavations in central and Northern Mesopotamian sites (Seleucia and Hatra) have allowed the revison of the glassware typology in Mesopotamia during the Parthian period, with reference to the local production and the parallel imports from the Mediterranean area. The revision has been extended to glassware types from graves of sites in central Iraq (Abu Skhair and Umm Khashm) for which it has now been possible to reconstruct the association contexts, and therefore to propose more precise dates for glassware types associated with datable objects. The graves were in use from the 2nd / 3rd to the 6th centuries, and their funerary accoutrements include glassware types of up to now very uncertain date, with parallels both in the central and Southern Mesopotamia and in the Persian Gulf, South Arabian and Iranian areas. The dating of the Mesopotamian glassware can therefore allow a first step for an archaeologically-based appraisal of the evolution of the glassware production in the borderlands of the late Roman/ Byzantine and Sasanian Empires during the crucial period from the early to the late Sasanian period. [Author]
Néraudau, Jean-Pierre
Auguste: la brique et le marbre (1996)
Paris: Les Belle Lettres, 1996
Nettl, Bruno
"But what is the music? Musings on the musicians at Buner" (1991)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1991, tome/ser. New, vol. 5
Abstract: An analysis of the music that could have been played by the musicians featured on the Gandharan reliefs reportedly found in the district of Buner, and published by B. Goldman in "Parthians at Ganfhâra", East and West, vol. 28 (1978), pp. 189-202.
Neusner, Jacob
"Parthian Political Ideology" (1963)
Iranica Antiqua, 1963, vol. 3 (fasc. 1), p. 40-59.
A History of the Jews in Babylonia (vol 1):The Parthian Period (1967)
In: Brown Judaic studies ; no. 62
Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1984, 2 ed.
Abstract: The Jews looked upon the tolerant Parthians as protectors against the hated Romans. Trade paperback reprint of the Leiden 1969 ed., with expanded introduction. (Studia post-Biblica; v. 9)
Newell, Edward T.
"A Parthian hoard" (1924)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1924, tome/ser. 5, vol. 4, p. 141-180.
Abstract: Documentation of the IGCH 1813, which includes almost 900 coins of Mithradates I, Phraates II, Artabanus I and Mithradates II.
Mithradates of Parthia and Hyspaosines of Characene: A Numismatic Palimpsest (1925)
In: Numismatic Notes and Monographs, No. 26
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1925, 18 p.
"Coins from Seleucia on the Tigris by Robert H. McDowell" (book review) (1937)
American Journal of Archaeology, 1937, vol. 41, p. 515-516.
Royal Greek Portrait Coins (1937)
Racine: Whitman Publishing Co., 99 p.
Abstract: Undated reprint of the 1937 original. Chapter 16 (pp. 88-95) describes the royal portrait coinage of Parthia with 25 coins illustrated. Newell also describes the royal coins of Persis, Bactria, Elymais and others.
"The Coinage of the Parthians" (1938)
In: Pope, Arthur Upham & Ackerman, Phyllis (eds.), A Survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present (1981 Centennial edition), vols. 1 and 7
New York: Maxwell Aley Literary Associates, 1981, 3 ed., p. 475-492.
Abstract: The Newell article is Chapter 27 in Vol I. References to Parthian coin illustrations are plates 140-144 in Vol VII.
Late Seleucid mints in Ake-Ptolemais and Damascus (1939)
In: Numismatic Notes and Monographs, No. 84
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1939
Newell, Edward T. & Mørkholm, Otto
The coinage of the western Seleucid mints, from Seleucus I to Antiochus III / by Edward T. Newell ; with A Summary of recent scholarship / by Otto Mørkholm (1977)
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1977
Abstract: Originally published as ANS Numismatic studies, no. 1
The coinage of the eastern Seleucid mints, from Seleucus I to Antiochus III; with a summary of recent scholarship additions and corrections by Otto Morkholm (1978)
New York: American Numismatic Society, 1978
Abstract: Originally published as ANS Numismatic studies, no. 1
Nicolet-Pierre, Hélène
"Thionèsis, roi de Characène (25/24 - 20/19 ou 19/18 avant J.-C.)" (1978)
Revue Numismatique, 1978, tome/ser. 6, vol. 20, p. 46-55.
Abstract: The best guide to coinage of Characene of Attambelos I and Theonesios I.
Nicolle, David
Sassanian Armies: The Iranian Empire, early 3rd to mid-7th centuries AD (1996)
Montvert, 1996, 1 ed., 72 p.
Abstract: Illustrations by Angus McBride
Niese, Benedikt
Geschichte der griechischen und makedonischen staaten seit der schlacht bei Chaeronea. Staaten II (1899)
In: Handbücher der alten geschichte. 2. ser. 2. abth
Gotha: F.A. Perthes, 1899
Nikitin, Alexander B.
"La refrappe de monnaies de cuivre en Parthie"
p. 82-87.
"Khalk Mitridata II so sledami perechekanki" [A Chalkos of Mithridates II with traces of restriking] (1981)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1981, no. 2, p. 115-117.
Abstract: English summary.
"Monetnyæi drov goroda Ragi v pervye gody pravleniëia Mitridata II" [The mint at Rhagae early in the reign of Mithradates II] (1983)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1983, vol. 164, no. 2, p. 95-99.
Abstract: English summary.
"Datirovannye drakhmy Fraata III i khronologiëia Suzianskikh mednykh émissii" [The dated drachmas of Phraates III and the chronology of Susianian copper emissions] (1984)
Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1984, no. 4, p. 249-252.
"Perechekanka mednykh monet v Parthii" [Restrikes of copper coins in Parthia] (1988)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1988, no. 1, p. 82-87.
Abstract: French summary.
"Parthian bullae from Nisa" (1993)
Journal of Silk Road Art and Archaeology, 1993, vol. 3, p. 71-79.
"Die Munzen des letzten indo-parthischen Konigs von Sistan ein Abschied von 'Ardamitra'" (1994)
Numismatische Zeitschrift, 1994, vol. 102, p. 167-170.
"Moneta. Iran" (1995)
In: Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, II suppl, 1971-1994, III, H-Neo
Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana, 1995, p. 739-745.
Abstract: The author describes Iranian coinage from the Achemenid to Sasanid ages, through the Hellenistic-Alexandrian period and the reign of the Arsacids. The author concludes that there were autonomous issues from the Hellenistic period to the Sasanid conquest. (A. Carignani)
"Early Parthian Coins from Margiana" (1998)
In: Curtis, Vesta Sarkhosh, Hillenbrand, Robert & Rogers, Michael (eds.), The art and archaeology of ancient Persia : new light on the Parthian and Sasanian empires
London: I.B. Tauris, 1996, p. 14-19.
Abstract: A discussion of Parthian coins found at the oasis at Merv - ancient Margiana, many of which carry Margiana mint identification. Twenty coins are illustrated on two excellent plates, 10 drachms and 10 chalcoi. Of the 10 drachms, 8 are referenced to Sellwood types. Also, four chalkoi are illustrated by line drawings.
Nikonorov, Valerii P.
"The Collapse of the Parthian Power" [in Russian] (1984)
Pamiatniki Turkmenistana, 1984, vol. 1 & 2, p. 28-30; 18-20.
Abstract: Continued in Pamiatniki Turkmenistana, No. 2, pp. 18-20.
Bibliography - Page 44

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