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Eastern Mediterranean and Mesopotamia : from Antoninus Pius until the end of the Parthian Empire (138-244 a.d.) (1992)
In: Tubinger Atlas des vorderen Orients, B ; v.9
Wiebaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1992
"Indien und das Parther-Reich" (1993)
In: Spektrum der Weltgeschichte 400 v. Chr.-200 n. Chr
Amsterdam: Time-Life, 1993
Battles of the Ancient World: Volume II (1995)
Decision Games, 1995
Abstract: A boxed wargame produced in 1995 by Decision Games and Overlord Games. This is a quadrigame which includes the battles of Issus, Metaurus, Carrhae, and Idivisto. Games: "Issus, 333 B.C., Metaurus, 207 B.C., Carrhae, 53 B.C., and Idivisto, 15 A.D.
"Parthians and DBM" (1996)
Miniature Wargames, 1996, no. 159 (Aug)
"Vonones, Maues and the Early Indo-Scythic Succession" (1996)
In: Handa, Devendra (ed.), Oriental Numismatics Studies, Vol I
"Ceramics of the Silk route: Parthia And China" (1996)
Transactions of the Oriental Ceramic Society, 1996, vol. 60, no. 1995-1996
Imperator (161 AD to 217 AD) : (2002)
In: Anciens Numéros, Order de Bataille no. 42
Vae Victis, 2002, no. 42 (Jan-Feb)
Abstract: Imperator (161 AD to 217 AD) is a wargame for 2 players published in French magazine Vae Victis #42, with an extension in Vae Victis #43. Imperator covers all the campaigns of Rome against its ennemies, at a strategic level, from Marcus-Aurelius to Caracalla. Civil wars are also part of the game. Imperator has been nominated by Vae Victis readers as the best of the 50 first games published in this magazine (see Vae Victis #50, May-June 2003).

Scenarios 2, 4 and 5 simulate Parthian engagements.
Ancient Persian Art Auction, Featuring The Jay Gluck Collection of Ancient Persian Art, 7 Apr 2002
San Diego, CA: Malter-Westerfield Pub. Co., 2002
Abstract: Collected by Jay and Sumi Gluck for over thirty years, the Gluck Collection of Persian antiquities goes back 7,000 years, to 5,000 BC. The Gluck Collection is one of the largest private collections of Persian art and handicrafts in the world containing some of the oldest Persian antiquities in existence. This collection, of several thousand items, includes objects from the Neolithic age, the Bronze and Iron ages, the Imperial & Achaemenid Ages and from the later Islamic Period of Persia. Some of the pieces are the sole extant objects of their kind in existence.

Many pieces from the Gluck Collection have been housed, and made available to the public, for much of the last 20 years, in Persia House, Kobe, Japan. The building is thought to have been the residence of the Iranian Consul during the 1930's.

More recently, as a result of rising interest in the Silk Road among people in Japan, part of the collection has been on display in Nara, the first capital of Japan, at the Nara Orient Kan Museum. The collection in now being made available to interested collectors, both private and public, and portions of it have now moved to, among other places, the Miho Museum, in Shiga prefecture, Japan. We are proud to offer this select group of pieces that span much of the time period of Persian history.
Praetorians (2003)
Pyro Studios, 2003
Abstract: For Win98/2000/WinXP
Marcus Crassius' greedy invasion of the Parthian empire provides a warmer sideshow in the sandswept deserts of Mesopotamia. Diplomacy is one route to taking classic cities such as Jerusalem, Tyre and Petra - the Sarmatians will swap a temple for peace, for example. Or you can just lead Crassius' forces in and wipe the lot out, as the man himself did before a Parthian general captured and executed him by pouring molten gold down his throat. Praetorians' missions are tightly structured, giving only just enough troops for the job, so whatever path you take, it's important to decide when and where engagements take place.

Though the game sticks to the facts - Crassius' middle-eastern campaign is doomed whatever you do - as a subcommander, you'll get plenty of chances to claim glory along the way, with each battle having its own set of objectives that must be completed regardless of the big picture. The campaign, leaping between the two commanders and their theatres of operation, is thus like an epic movie. The Celts finally subdued, Caesar returns to Rome to battle his enemies in the Senate, and you take up the slack: cross the Rubicon and invade the homelands, battle the perfidious Pompey in Dalmatia, and then pursue him to Africa. So what if Ptolemy XIII murders him? You can fight the Egyptians as well before dashing back to Spain to polish off Pompey's allies. All in a day's work - if not for Caius Julius Caesar himself, then at least for the players who'll fill his boots 2,000 years later.
Symposium: After Alexander: Central Asia Before Islam. Themes in the history and Archaeology of Western Central Asia, The British Academy, London, 23-25 June 2004
Abstract: Papers:
Abdullaev, K: Nomad Migration in Central Asia
Alram, M: Ardashir's Eastern Campaign in the Light of the Numismatic Evidence
Baretin, C: To be confirmed
Bernard, P: The Land of a Thousand Cities
Betts, A: The Fire Temple at Tash-k'irman-tepe, Chorasmia
Boardman, J: Central Asia: West and East
Bopearachchi, O: Nomad Arms and Armour
Cribb, J: Money as a Marker of Cultural Continuity and Change in Central Asia
Curtis, V: Religious Symbols and Coins
Gaibov, V: The Bullae of Gobekli
Gyselen, R: The reign of Abarwez Khusro: primary sources and historiography
Helms, S: Military Architecture in Chorasmia after Marakanda 329/8 BC
Invernizzi, A: The Culture of Nisa between Steppe and Empire
Koshelenko, G A: The Fortifications of Parthian and Sasanian Gobekli
Lecomte, O: Gorgân and Dehistan: the North-East Frontier of the Iranian empires
Lecuyot, G: The Digital Reconstruction of Ai-Khanum
Leriche, P: Termez on the Oxus
Mkrtychev, T: Buddhism and Buddhist art of Bactria-Tokharistan: excavation at Kara-tepe (the history of Vihara of the ruler)
Rahbar, M: The Discovery of a Tower of Silence of the Sasanian period at Bandiyah: Some Observations on Dakhma Burials in the Zoroastrian Doctrine
Rapin, C: Nomads and the Shaping of Central Asia
Rtveladze, E: Monetary Circulation in Ancient Tokharistan
Semyenov, G: The Planning of Sogdian Cities
Smirnova, N: Some Questions Regarding the Numismatics of Pre-Islamic Merv
Tanabe, K: Animal-legged Thrones in Central Asia
Tosi, M, et al.: The Archaeological Map of Middle Zeravshan Valley
Wang, H (British Museum): Money in Eastern Central Asia before AD800
Zavyalov. V: Fortifications at Merv (Gyaur-Kala) after Alexander
[Coin History, Volume two, Parthian era] (2537)
Tehran: Tehran University Press, 2537
Abstract: In Persian. An excellent reference; 150 pages with maps, drawings, alphabet styles, crowns, pictures of several hundred coins, Parthian kings and much other useful info.
Abbas, Samar
"India's Parthian Colony: On the Origin of the Pallava Empire of Dravidia"
Abdullaev, Kazim
"Nomadism in Central Asia. The archaeological evidence (2nd-1st centuries B.C.)" (1995)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), In the Land of the Gryphons: Papers on Central Asian Archaeology in Antiquity; Monografie di Mesopotamia vol 5
Florence: Casa editrice italiana, 1995, p. 151-162.
"A Coin from the Kashkadarya Valley with Representations of Zeus and Hercules" (2000)
Parthica, 2000, vol. 2, p. 143-146.
"New finds of Pre-Kushan and Early Kushan Plastic Art in Northern Bactria and the Khalchayan Reliefs" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6
Abdullatif Subhi Pasa
Tekmilet ul-iber (1862)
Istanbul: Takvimhane-yi Amire, 1862
Abstract: In Turkish (Arabic script). 2 v. in 1. Vol. 2 has caption title: Min tekmilet ul-iber.
Abgarians, Misrop
"Nazaråi bah Sikkahåa-yi Ashkåanåi" [A glance at Parthian coins] (1974)
Anjoman-e Farhang-e Iran-e Bastan (The Ancient Iranian Cultural Society Bulletin), 1974, vol. 12, no. 15 (Mar), p. 16-32.
"Vues récentes sur les monnaies parthes arsacides" (tranduit de l'iranien par Marc Broquin) (1976)
Archéonumi, 1976, vol. 17, p. 44-54.
Abgarians, Misrop & Sellwood, David
"A Hoard of early Parthian drachms" (1971)
Numismatic Chronicle, 1971, tome/ser. 7, vol. 11, p. 103-119.
Abstract: An important study of a hoard of drachms found in Iran in 1968. "Prior to the appearance of the hoard, most had assumed, following E. T. Newell, that the Parthians had neither the means nor the resources to mint coins before the second quarter of the second century B.C." Olson. [Greek Letterforms, 1973, 39 fn 3]. The hoard was found between Gombad and Bujnurd in the northeast of Iran and contained some unprecedented types of Arsaces I and II; beside some 59 Parthian drachms which are examined and published, there is much more. The coins are attributed to the period before the eastern anabasis of Antiochus III which began in 209 B.C.
Abramisvili, Tamara iAsonovna
Sak'art'velos sakhemdsip'o part'uli monetebis katalogi [A Catalogue of Parthian coins in the Georgian State Museum] (1972)
Tiflis: Metsniereba, 1972, 156 p.
Abstract: Text in Cyrillic characters. In Georgian, with summary in Russian and English. A group of 505 coins is described. A list of 141 finds of Parthian coins in the territory of modern Georgia is made. The finds are examined with reference to relations between Parthia and Iberia. The coins are classified according to BMC Parthia. [K. V. Golenko]
Katalog parfianskikh monet Gosudarstvennogo muzeia Gruzii [Catalogue of Parthian coins in the Georgian State Museum] (1974)
Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1974, 155 p.
Abstract: In Georgian, description and topography of the coins, summary in Russian and English. Includes bibliographical references and index. Important because it includes local finds from the ancient districts of Iberia and Colchis in Georgia. See review: T. Hackens, Revue Belge de Numismatique et de Sigillographie, vol. 122 (1976), p. 180.

Plates of poor to fair quality illustrate 504 Parthian and 39 Elymais coins
Acatos, Sylvio
Ceramics and glass (1990-)
New York: Archer Fields, 1990
Abstract: Annual price guide (beginning 1990) with results of prior year international auctions of faience, glass, porcelain, pottery, stoneware, and terra cotta. Descriptions and information provided on each piece. The 1991 issues includes Parthian glass.
Ackerman, Phyllis
"Textiles Through the Sasanian Period" (1938)
In: Pope, Arthur Upham & Ackerman, Phyllis (eds.), A Survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present (1981 Centennial edition), vol 1
New York: Maxwell Aley Literary Associates, 1981, 3 ed., p. 681 ff.
"The Art of the Parthian Silver and Goldsmiths" (1938)
In: Pope, Arthur Upham & Ackerman, Phyllis (eds.), A Survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present (1981 Centennial edition), vol 1
New York: Maxwell Aley Literary Associates, 1981, 3 ed., p. 459-470.
"Parthian Textiles" (1938)
In: Pope, Arthur Upham & Ackerman, Phyllis (eds.), A Survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present (1981 Centennial edition), vol. 1
New York: Maxwell Aley Literary Associates, 1981, 3 ed., p. 685ff.
"Note on some Parthian Textile Elements" (1946)
Bulletin of the Iranian Institute, 1946, vol. 6, p. 19.
Adachi, Takuro
"Considering the regional differences in the Parthian fine pottery" (2005)
al-Rafidan, Journal of Western Asiatic Studies, 2005, vol. 26, p. 25-36.
Abstract: Les fouilles irano-japonaises à Tepe Jalaliye, dans la province de Gilan nous ont fourni un type nouveau de céramique parthe. Il s’agit de coupes à profil caréné avec décoration peinte caractéristique pour la « Festoon Ware » tandis que les formes sont analogues à la « Mottled Ware ». Ainsi donc nous avons un peu plus d’information de la céramique de la période parthe. [Barbara Kaim, Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 28, mis en ligne le : 18 septembre 2007. URL http://abstractairanica.revues.org/document16742.html]
Adams, R. McC.
Land behind Baghdad : a history of settlement on the Diyala Plains (1965)
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965
Adler, Jack
Seres Sanctuary (2006)
Bellissima Publishing, 2006, 244 p.
Abstract: This second book in the continuing story of Parthian brother and sister Larius and Kyra takes the reader to a place called Seres. Larius is once again caught up in court intrigue, and Kyra falls in love at last and marries. They are in another culture and must learn another language and ways that are strange and different from their own. Just when they think they are safe, their past comes back to haunt them. Will Larius and Kyra ever find peace? Will they be able to remain happily ever after in Seres? Or will their sanctuary be denied and their hopes and dreams destroyed? Read this captivating story set in first century AD ancient China and follow Larius and Kyra in their quest for sanctuary. [Publisher]
Parthian Retreat--The Road to Seres (2006)
Bellissima Publishing, 2006, 364 p.
Abstract: Two young Parthians, brother and sister, are caught up in the great rivalry between Rome and Parthia in Asia Minor during first century A.D.. At that time Parthia was Rome's greatest enemy, fightng over land as well as trade routes to Seres, land of silk. Larius and Kyra become wards of Rome when their father, a Parthian nobleman, is killed in battle. In order to save his sister from slavery and possibly worse, Larius is caught up in political intrigue when he agrees to become a spy for his would-be benefactor, the Roman procurator, Publius. From this point on things become more complicated for both Kyra and Larius. As their lives intertwine with history, they experience the good and the bad. Most of all, they survive, heroic and strong. Jack Adler is a widely published author who teaches UCLA extension classes in Journalism and writing. [Publisher]
Parthian Karma (2007)
Bellissima Publishing, 2007, 196 p.
Abstract: In this, the third book in the trilogy of the story of Kyra and Larius, a brother and sister born in First Century AD who are taken from their Parthian home when their parents are killed in battle by a roman soldier and are then made wards of Rome. Because they are of noble birth, they are not made slaves of Rome and they live a comfortable life until a series of events that thrust them into turmoil causing them to flee the Roman Empire. The saga of Kyra and Larius continues as the brother and sister seek home and sanctuary, experiencing the full flavor of new and different cultures in their search. Parthian Karma is a colorful and exciting tale filled with suspense and intrigue. The other two books in this Jack Adler trilogy are 'Parthian Retreat, The Road To Seres', and 'Seres Sanctuary'. All three books are available in both soft cover and hardcover editions and are Ingram listed. [Publisher]
Patmowtiwn Hayouts [History of the Armenians] (1909)
Albany: State University of New York Press, 1976
Abstract: Armenian text and English translation of Patmowtiwn, translation and commentary by R. W. Thomson. The chapter entitled The teaching of Saint Gregory is omitted. [A facism. reproduction of the 1909 Tiflis ed. (Delmar: Caravan Books, 1980) is available at Cleveland State.]
Aggoula, Basile
"Inscriptions et graffites araméen d'Assour" (1985)
In: Supplemento 45
Annali dell'Istituto Italiano orientale di Napoli, 1985, vol. 45
Ahlheid, F.
"Oratorical strategy in Sallust's Letter of Mithridates reconsidered" (1988)
Mnemosyne, 1988, vol. Fasc. 1/2, p. 67-92.
Abstract: Considers ancient rhetoric in imaginary letter of Sallust (86-34 BC) from Mithradates II of Parthia (124-87 BC)
Akbarzadeh, Daryoush
Katībah hā-yi Pahlavī: sang nigārah, sikkih, muhr, asar-i muhr, ẕarf-i nabishtah = Pahlavi inscriptions: inscriptions, coins, seals, sealing impression. Vol. I. (2003)
Tehran: Pazineh Press, 2003, 86 p.
Abstract: Tehran: Pazineh Press. ISBN 964-5722-44-6, dated 1382 HE (2003).
Katῑbah hᾱ-yi Pahlavῑ aškᾱni (Pᾱrthῑ) = Parthian inscriptions. Vol. II. (2004)
Tehran: Qoqnûs, 2004, 86 p.
Abstract: Tehran: Qoqnoos Publishing. ISBN 964-5722-74-8, dated 1382 HE (2004).
Akbarzadeh, Daryoush; Daryaee, Touraj & Lerner, Judith A.
"Two recently discovered inscribed Sasanian silver bowls" (2005)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 2005, tome/ser. New, vol. 15
Abstract: Part of a hoard of eight decorated silver vessels discovered in western Iran, these two elliptical bowls each bear an image of a bird (a crane and a guinea fowl) and a Middle Persian inscription. Based on their respective artistic and calligraphic styles, the bowls should be considered as local works. [Editor]
Akopian, A. M.
"Klad mednykh parfianskikh monet iz Aparana" [A hoard of Parthian coins from Armenia] (1982)
Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1982, vol. 160, no. 2, p. 84-88.
Abstract: The article discusses a hoard of Parthian coins from Armenia. An English summary is included. (NumLit)
al-Aswad, Hikmet Basher
"Water sources at Hatra" (1991)
Mesopotamia, 1991, vol. 26, p. 195-211.
The Chronology of Ancient Nations (1879)
London: 1879
Abstract: See pp. 116 ff. al-Biruni was a great scholar who, following Hamza al-Isfahani, gives the various false chronologies current in his time about Parthian history, as well as several almost correct tables. Hamza knew that information about the Parthians was confused, but he also knew the true state of the chronology. [Frye, Heritage, 1963, p. 265]
al-Haik, Albert R.
"The Rabbou'a galvanic cell" (1964)
Sumer, 1964, vol. 20, p. 103-104.
Abstract: Parthian 'wet cells'?
Ali, Mohammed
Aryana Ancient Afghanistan (1957)
Kabul: Historical Society of Afghanistan, 1957, 117 p.
al-Isfahani, Hamza
The Annals of Hamza al-Isfahani (1932)
Bombay: 1932
Abstract: Hamza al-Isfahani knew that information about the Parthian chronology was confused, but he also knew the true state of the chronology. [Frye, Heritage, 1963, p. 265]
Alizadeh, A.
"Elymaean occupation of lower Khuzestan during the Seleucid and Parthian Periods: A Proposal" (1985)
Iranica Antiqua, 1985, vol. 20, p. 175-195.
Alizadeh, Karim
Parthian Heroes (1998)
Tehran: Samir Publications, 1998, 558 p.
Abstract: This historical novel which has been divided into two sections portrays the wars and annals of Ashk I, Tirdad II and Farhad II. It casts light on the political, military and social conditions of the Parthian Period in an epic historical vein. (Source: Ketab Mah [Book of the Month], Vol. 1, Nos. 9 & 10.)
Materialy Iuzhno-Turkmenskoi arkheologicheskoi kompleksnoi ekspeditsii I (1949)
Ashkabad: 1949
Abstract: Catalogs portion of the Bairam-Ali hoard (IGCH 1829) of Sinatruces and Phraates III(?) issues.
Allotte de la Fuÿe, François Maurice
La dynastie des Kamnaskirès (1902)
Paris: C. Rollin & Feuardent, 1902
"Nouveau classement des monnaies arsacides d'après le catalogue du British Museum" (1904)
Revue Numismatique, 1904, tome/ser. 4, vol. 8, p. 317-371.
"Monnaies arsacides surfrappées" (1904)
Revue Numismatique, 1904, tome/ser. 4, vol. 8, p. 174-196.
Bibliography - Page 2

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