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Bibliography Page 3

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Allotte de la Fuÿe, François Maurice
"Monnaies arsacides de la collection Petrowitz" (1905)
Revue Numismatique, 1905, tome/ser. 4, vol. 9, p. 129-169, pl. III.
Monnaies de l'Élymaïde (1905)
In: Mémoires de la Délégation en perse, 8
Chartres: 1905, 67 p.
"Observations sur la numismatique de la Perside" (1906)
Journal Asiatique, 1906, no. (Nov-Dec), p. 517 ff.
"Étude sur la numismatique de la Perside" (1906)
In: Hill, G. F., Corolla numismatica, numismatic essays in honour of Barclay V. Head. With a portrait and eighteen plates
New York: Oxford University Press, 1906, p. 63-97.
"Monnaies incertaines de la Sogdiane et des contrées voisines" (1910)
Revue Numismatique, 1910, tome/ser. 6, vol. 73, p. 281-333.
Abstract: Information on coins of Andragoras, possible Seleucid satrap defeated by Arsaces I.
"Une monnaie incertaine au nom d'Artavasde" (1914)
Revue Numismatique, 1914, tome/ser. 6, vol. 4, no. Deuxieme trimestre, p. 153-169 &.
"Les monnaies de l'Élymaïde, modifications au classement proposé en 1907" (1919)
Revue Numismatique, 1919, tome/ser. 4, vol. 22, p. 45-83.
Abstract: Also seen: 42 page reprint from Revue Numismatique (1919)
"Numismatique" (1928)
In: Mémoires de la Mission archéologique de perse, 20, Mission en Susiane
Paris: E. Léroux, 1928
Abstract: Mayer 41. An important record of the coins found at Susa. Over half of the text and three of the four plates are devoted to numismatics. Tome XX also includes "Épigrapie grecque", by Franz Cumont, and "Céramique élamite", by R. de Mecquenem.
"Une monnaie inédite de Pharaate II" : (Fouilles de Suse, Campagne 1927-28) (1931)
Revue Numismatique, 1931, tome/ser. 4, vol. 34, p. 1-3.
Abstract: Fouilles de Suse, Campagne 1927-28.
Alonso-Nuñez, J. M.
"The Roman universal historian Pompeius Trogus on India, Parthia, Bactria and Armenia" (1988-1989)
Persica, 1989, vol. 13, p. 122-155.
Alram, Michael
"Arsacids III. Arsacid Coinage" (1982)
In: Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica
Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 1982, p. 536-540.
Abstract: Excellent summary article with key bibliography and two plates of coins.

The text only also appears on the SOAS CAIS web site at
"Pahlavas : Hybouzanåes, ein neuer König, und eine neue Lesung für Gondophares" (1983)
Litterae Numismaticae Vindoboneses, 1983, vol. 2, p. 69-77.
"The Arsacids. iii. Arsacid Coinage" (1986)
In: Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 2
1986, p. 536-540.
Nomina Propria Iranica in Nummis. Materialgrundlagen zu den iranischen Personennamen auf antiken Münzen (1986)
In: Mayrhofer, Manfred (ed.), Iranisches Personennamenbuch, Vol 4 ; Series Sonderpublikation der Iranischen Kommission
Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie, 1986
Abstract: Beautiful large format book with detailed sources for the attested Iranian names on coins. Covers coins of Scythia, Pontos, Bosphoros kings, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Lykische dynasties, Cappodocia, Sophene, Armenia, Commagene, Graeco-Roman, Byzantium, Achaemenids, Arsacids, Elymais, Characene, Persis, Sasanians, Ispahbads in Tabaristan, Sakas, Pahlavas, Yueh-chih confederation in Sogdiana, Sogdian moneyers, Clan chiefs in Sogdiana and Bactria, Clan chiefs in Bactria and East Iran, Kushan and Sasanian-Kushan governors, and Iranian huns. Coins are cited by numismatic reference with an excellent bibliography. Plates are contained in a separate Tafelband, "table volume".

See review: Jost Gippert, "Michael Alram: Nomina Propria Iranica in Nummis. Materialgrundlagen zu den iranischen Personennamen auf antiken Münzen, Vienna 1986" in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens 35, Wien 1991, 224-226; Review: P.O. Skjaervo in Indo-Iranian Journal 34/2, 1991, pp. 131-35.
"Eine neue Drachme des Vahbarz (Oborzos) aus der Persis?" (1987)
Litterae Numismaticae Vindoboneses, 1987, vol. 3, p. 147-155.
"Die Vorbildwirkung der arsakidischen Münzprägung" (1987)
Litterae Numismaticae Vindoboneses, 1987, vol. 3, p. 117-146.
Abstract: The author shows the relationships among the Arsacid coinage. (Gunther Dembski)
"Stand und Aufgaben der arsakidischen Numismatik" (1996)
In: Wiesehöfer, Josef (ed.), Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse - The Arsacid Empire : Sources and Documentation. Beiträge des Internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996). Historia-Einzelschriften, 122
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1998, p. 365-387.
Abstract: The author declares certain Parthian gold and silver coins as false and questions the wisdom of them being earlier accepted as authentic.
Die Geschichte Ostirans von den Griechenkönigen in Baktrien und Indien bis zu den iranischen Hunnen (250 v. Chr. - 700 n. Chr.) (1997)
In: Weihrauch und Seide: Alte Kulturen an der Seidenstrasse / herausgegeben von Wilfried Seipel
Milano: Skira Editore, 1997, p. 118-140.
"Coins and the Silk Road" (2001)
In: Juliano, Annette L. & Lerner, Judith A., Monks and merchants : Silk Road treasures from Northwest China Gansu and Ningxia 4th-7th century
New York: Abrams, 2001, p. 271-277.
"The Beginning of Sasanian Coinage" (2002)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 2002, tome/ser. New, vol. 13, p. 67-76.
Abstract: L’article donne un premier aperçu du projet Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidorum visant à la publication de collections de monnaies sassanides présentes dans divers musées. Ici l’A. traite l’action d’Ardashir qui, rompant en quatre phases successives avec les pratiques de la fin de l’époque parthe, parviendra à renforcer la qualité du numéraire tout en conservant les unités et fractions. L’atelier d’origine était à Istakhr, puis sera déplacé à Ctésiphon et à Ecbatane où seront émises les pièces avec le portrait du roi à la tiare au droit et l’autel au revers. [Aurélie Daems, Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 25, mis en ligne le : 15 mars 2006]
"The History of the Silk Road as Reflected in Coins" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6, p. 47-68.
"L'Asia dopo Alessandro" (2007)
In: Invernizzi, Antonio (ed.), Sulla via di Alessandro da Seleucia al Gandhara (Catalog of the exhibition, Palazzo Madama, Torino, 27 Feb to 27 May 2007)
Torino: Edizioni Silvana Editoriale, 2007
"Ardashir's eastern campaign in the light of numismatic evidence" (2007)
In: Cribb, Joe & Herrmann, Georgina (eds.), After Alexander: Central Asia Before Islam. Proceedings of the British Academy ; 133
London: Oxford University Press, 2007
Alram, Michael & Klimburg-Salter, Deborah E. (eds.)
Coins, art, and chronology: essays on pre-Islamic history of the Indo-Iranian borderlands (1999)
In: Veröffentlichungen der Numismatischen Kommission, Bd. 33 ; Denkschriften (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse), 280. Bd
Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie, 1999, viii+498 p.
Abstract: Twenty-four papers from a symposium held Apr. 11-13, 1996, in Vienna, Austria. The aim was to integrate data from numismatics with archaeological, artistic, and epigraphic evidence to illustrate the changing cultural history of Persia, Central Asia and North-west India and to aid the dating of the Kusana period from the first century BC to the first century AD.
Alram, Michael and Gyselen, Rika
Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Paris - Berlin - Wien, Band 1: Ardashir I. - Shapur I. (2003)
In: Denkschriften (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse) ; 317. Bd Veröffentlichungen der Numismatischen Kommission ; 41
Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie, 2003
Abstract: The new series Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum, Paris-Berlin-Wien, has as its aim the joint publication of the holdings of Sasanid coins preserved in the Cabinet des Médailles in Paris as well as the Münzkabinette in Berlin and Vienna. The three collections hold a total of ca. 11,000 of these coins, which will be published in 6 volumes. This first volume contains the coins of the founder of the dynasty, Ardashir I (224-240) and his son, Shapur I (240-272). It was during this foundation phase of the Sasanid state that the basic structures of Sasanid coinage system were established, structures that were preserved almost unchanged until the end of the dynasty in the 7th century.
The catalogue of coins is complemented by an introductory chapter in German (Ardashir I) and French (Shapur I) containing a general survey of sources together with a brief historical survey and commentary on numismatic and monetary history. The aim is to demonstrate the value and informative status of the numismatic source material in the interplay with archaeological and epigraphic evidence and the literary record. An additional summary of the results in English is included. Of special interest is a section devoted to the palaeographic evaluation of Middle Persian coin legends by P. O. Skjærvø (Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University). A further chapter deals with extensive metal analyses which for the first time allow an insight into the composition of alloyages used for the various denominations of the Sasanid currency system.
al-Salihi, Wathiq I.
"Hercules-Nergal at Hatra" (1971)
Iraq, 1971, vol. 35, p. 113ff.
Abstract: Continued in Iraq 35 (1973), p. 65ff.
Hatra: Historical Monument of Iraq (1972)
In: Series: Historical Monuments in Iraq
Baghdad: Ministry of Information Director General of Antiquities, Republic of Iraq, 1972
Abstract: "Hatra is considered one of the most important ancient site in Iraq. Its standing monuments, which are built on hewn stone and gypsum, are impressive, and its location in a semi-desert, far from modern towns, is charming.

"This guide-book, by including the latest discoveries, will no doubt serve well to understand the history and culture of the city. Hatra played, in the first three centuries A.D., an outstanding role politically, militarily, economically, and religiously.

"Hatra was fraught with the task of defending the western frontiers of the Parthian Empire from the onslaught of the highly organized Roman armies, and making whatever a victory could be achieved in the field, ephemeral and valueless." [from the Forward]
[Hatra: Excavations in a group of tombs; 1970-1971 preliminary report, in Arabic] (1972)
Sumer, 1972, vol. 28, no. Arabic Section, p. 19-30.
Abstract: English section, pp. 12-20, illus. Five bronze coins, two of Hatra, one Parthian, and two 'Abbasid, and a Seleucid drachm were found in the excavations and are illustrated. [Michael L. Bates]
[Hatra: Coins discovered in the Excavations of 1971-1972, in Arabic] (1974)
Sumer, 1974, vol. 30, no. Arabic Section, p. 155-162.
Abstract: Includes coins from the excavations at Hatra. The finds comprise two hoards: one of Seleucid tetradrachms of Phillip Philadelphus, and one of late Parthian tetradrachms. The illustrated specimens show dates from 176/177 to 190/191 A.D. [Mørkholm, "Greece to India", 1979]

Isolated finds at Hatra in northern Iraq were mainly local imitations of 1st- and 2nd-century Antioch bronzes (113 in all), but some Seleucid, Parthian, Roman and Sasanian coins were also found. Two hoards were discovered, one of 1510 silver coins, mostly Parthian with some Seleucid, and another of 103 silver Seleucid issues. The coins are described. [Michael L. Bates]
Hatra (1978)
London: Iraqi Cultural Centre, 1978, 80 p.
Abstract: Published... on the occasion of Hatra exhibition at the Iraqi Cultural Centre Gallery.
English with Arabic translation. Beautifully illustrated.
"Further notes on Hercules-Gnda at Hatra" (1982)
Sumer, 1982, vol. 38, p. 137-40.
"Mesene's Bronze Statue of 'Weary Hercules'" (1984)
Sumer, 1984, vol. 43, p. 219ff.
Abstract: The inscription on the bronze Heracles, discovered in 1984, shows that Vologeses IV was son of Mithradates IV. The same inscription shows that king Meherdates of Characene was a son of Pacorus II.
"The Weary Hercules of Mesene" (1987)
Mesopotamia, 1987, vol. 22
"The Lintel of Gods from Hatra" (1989)
Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 1989, tome/ser. New, vol. 3
Abstract: This study discusses a carved door lintel excavated at the Temple of Hatra that features male and female busts. [C.A. Bromberg]
"Stele of Brmryn from Hatra" (1989)
Mesopotamia, 1989, vol. 24, p. 177-180.
"The Excavation of Shrine XIII at Hatra" (1990)
Mesopotamia, 1990, vol. 25, p. 27-35.
"Military considerations in the defenses of Hatra" (1991)
Mesopotamia, 1991, vol. 26, p. 187-94.
Al-Shawi, Nasser Abdulwahid
Sculptures of Hatrans: A Study of Costume and Jewelry (1986)
1986, 457 p.
Abstract: The city of Hatra and its remains are often described by archaeologists and cultural historians as part of the Parthian culture. To investigate this claim thoroughly, a selected group of Hatran sculpture is analyzed to reconstruct a comprehensive image of Hatran costume and jewelry, first to test whether its main characteristics contain sufficient specific indigenous traits, and secondly to screen for possible affinity with other cultures. The selected sculptures of both male and female figures are first analyzed individually. Elements of costume and jewelry are subsequently arranged in groups, and a typology is established on the basis of artifact functions and design patterns. This type-study provided the tools to investigate the presence or absence of individual elements in cultures other than Hatra. In the absence of finds of actual jewelry or costumes, the sculpture of Hatran personnages--due to its overall precise rendering of 'realia'--proved to be an excellent source for the study of Hatran costume and jewelry. Both costumes and their accoutrements reflect the following: (1) The military and religious character of the city and the social classes of the Hatran community; (2) The growing wealth and prosperity initiated during the first half of the second century A.D. and lasting until the fall of the city in A.D. 241; (3) The foreign influence and cultural contact with the neighboring centers of Syria and Parthia and the far distant centers in central Asia and India; (4) The female statues' costume under the influence of Hellenistic costume, whereas the males' costume reflects Mesopotamian and central Asian influence; (5) The jewelry of the females demonstrates Syrian influence and the males' jewelry shows Assyrian and central Asian influence; (6) The Parthians themselves did not contribute much in the formation of Hatran culture but probably played the role of the carriers for central Asian cultural elements; (7) The contribution of the local artisans is more noticeable in the decoration and embroidery of costume and the invention of certain jewelry types; (8) In spite of the presence of foreign elements, the Hatrans had developed an indigenous cultural identity of their own, different from the contemporary cultures of Roman Syria and Parthia.
Alston, R. & Lieu, Samuel N. C.
Aspects of the Roman East : Papers in Honour of Professor Fergus Millar FBA (2007)
In: Studia Antiqua Australiensia (SAA 3)
Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2007, xiv+230 p.
Abstract: This is the first of two volumes of papers by scholars actively engaged in the study of the Roman East in honour of Professor Fergus Millar FBA, formerly Camden Professor of Ancient History at the University of Oxford and the leading scholar of Roman History of his generation. The first volume mainly from contributors based in the Northern Hemisphere contain studies on the Roman Near East, Egypt and early Byzantium. A second volume containing papers by scholars mainly based in the Southern Hemisphere is in preparation.

Richard Alston, "Fraying Round the Edges: Models of Change on the Margin"
Samuel Lieu, "Rome on the Euphrates - The Final Siege of Dura-Europos"
David Noy, "The Jews of Roman Syria: The Synagogues of Dura-Europos and Apamea"
Nigel Pollard, "Colonial and Cultural Identities in Parthian and Roman Dura-Europos"
Geoffrey Greatrex, "Roman frontiers and foreign policy in the East"
Frank Beetham (Trans.), "A Byzantine Life of Constantine (BHG 365) (Annotated by Samuel N. C. Lieu)"
Alston, Richard
"Fraying Round the Edges: Models of Change on the Margin" (2007)
In: Aspects of the Roman East : Papers in Honour of Professor Fergus Millar FBA [Studia Antiqua Australiensia (SAA 3)]
Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2007
Altaweel, Mark & Hauser, Stefan R.
"Travelling via Hatra: Trade Routes in the Eastern Jazira according to evidence from ancient sources and modern satellite imagery" (2004)
Baghdader Mitteilungen, 2004, vol. 35, p. 57-84.
Abstract: Satellite images are used to follow the ancient trade routes centering at Hatra across northern Mesopotamia. [Author]
Altekar, A. S.
"A New Specimen of the Bow In-Bow-Case Type of Maues" (1947)
Journal of the Numismatic Society of India, 1947, vol. 9, p. 11-13.
Abstract: Dr. Altekar describes a coin of Maues in the cabinet of Benares Hindu University which is the fifth specimen of this type to be published. He believes it to have been issued early in his career when he was subject to the Parthians.
Altheìm, Franz
Weltgeschicte Asiens im griechischen Zeitalter, I (1947)
Halle: 1947
Alexandre et l'Asie (tr. Française del Medico) (1954)
Abstract: Translation of Alexander und Asien; Geschichte eines geistigen Erbes. Tübingen: M. Niemeyer, 1953.
Altheìm, Franz & Stiehl, Ruth
Supplementum Aramaicum (1957)
Tübingen: 1957, p. 98ff.
Abstract: Chapter 2 describes the inscriptions on ostraka from Nisa. In chapter 7, the stele of Artabanus IV dated to A.D. 215. There are no plates or illustrations of the inscriptions.
"Eukratides und Mithradates I" (1970)
In: Geschichte Mittelasiens im Altertum, Mit Beitr. von János Harmatta [u. a.], Chapter 25
Berlin: de Gruyter, 1970, p. 572-584.
"The oldest evidence for silk trade between China and India" (1970)
In: Geschichte Mittelasiens im Altertum, Mit Beitr. von János Harmatta [u. a.], Chapter 31
Berlin: de Gruyter, 1970, p. 650-684.
Geschichte Mittelasiens im Altertum, Mit Beitr. von János Harmatta [u. a.] (1970)
Berlin: de Gruyter, 1970, 811 p.
Abstract: Text chiefly in German; two chapters in English. Based in part on the author's two-volume work: Weltgeschichte Asiens im griechischen Zeitalter, published in 1947-48.

See especially pp. 445-448 (dealing with Nisa ostracon 1760).
Altheìm-Stiehl, Ruth
"Das früheste Datum der sasanidischen Geschichte, vermittelt durch die Zeitangabe der mittelpersisch-parthischen Inschrift aus Bišapur" (1978)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1978, vol. 11, p. 113 ff..
Bibliography - Page 3

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