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Ash, John
The Parthian Stations (2007)
Carcanet, 2007, 96 p.
Abstract: Modern poetry.

The document known as "The Parthian Stations" is an account of the overland route from Antioch to the borders of India in the first century BC. John Ash's own "Parthian Stations" begins with his departure from New York to Istanbul. It is a journey, as he writes, not so much between contrasting cities as 'between different versions of the same city', to a place that is exotic and familiar, spanning West and East, past and present, where cultures and histories intersect. It holds memories and encounters: time dissolves, but it is also vividly real, with buses, restaurants and meetings with friends. Precise, witty and unpredictable, John Ash writes as the watchful outsider, with the insights of a resident. "The Parthian Stations" continues his exploration of what it means to be a part of a culture, to celebrate what is loved and ultimately unknowable. [Publisher]

"The title poem tells of ancient Parthia and its clashes with Rome. As he contemplates forgotten names of places that signify "the people dying in their thousands, / corpses uncounted under the rubble", he laments ignorance of the past and the east, the casualties of Afghanistan and Iraq as well as of the Roman age. He also acknowledges how difficult it is to avoid failures of sympathy and understanding, to feel for so many dead." [William Wootten, The Guardian, Saturday May 19, 2007] http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/poetry/0,,2083082,00.html
Ash, Rhiannon
"An Exemplary conflict: Tacitus' Parthian Battle Narrative (Annals 6.34-5)" (1998)
In: [Proceedings of] "Greek Romans or Roman Greeks?" program held by the International Plutarch Society in Lund, Sweden, June 25-28, 1998
Ploutarchos, 1998, vol. 15.1
Abstract: One conspicuous feature of Tacitus' Annals is the regularity with which the narrative is punctuated by sections on Parthia. Critics have offered a range of explanations for these digressions. So, Syme emphasises the contemporary historical importance of passages which illustrate the best technique for dealing efficiently with the Parthians, while Keitel argues that the contrapuntual narrative of events in Rome and in the east articulates the inevitable pattern that dynastic politics follow everywhere.(1)

Both methods are valid and yield fruitful interpretations, but an analysis which blends the historical and the literary modes of investigation will prove a productive strategy, given the distinctive nature of ancient historiography as a genre.

This paper examine Tacitus' account of a minor battle between the Parthians and a mixed Albanian, Iberian and Sarmatian army (Annals 6.34-5). By establishing how Tacitus constructs exaggerated ethnographical differences between these two eastern armies, I suggest that the historian deconstructs the traditional image of Parthia as an intimidating military power. Tacitus invests the prelude to the battle with distinctive literary colour, which polarises the leaders and armies on both sides and leads us to expect a momentous encounter, but the shambolic battle itself deflates the dramatic build-up. Tacitus adds rhetorical 'flesh' to the historical 'skeleton' of the battle and offers an exemplary lesson, not only about Parthian national character, but also about Tiberius' foreign policy. To some historians, the AD36 battle between Parthians and a motley collection of other eastern tribes might have seemed trivial enough to treat on a much smaller scale than Tacitus does. However, ancient historiography had as much to do with the writer's own world as it did with his past: Tacitus' unusual battle narrative, extended by literary touches, offers a provocative historical lesson to those Romans who had to pick up the pieces after Trajan's glamorous but ineffectual campaigns in the east. [Author, University College, London]
"An Exemplary conflict: Tacitus' Parthian Battle Narrative (Annals 6.34-5)" (1999)
In: Phoenix. The Journal of the Classical Association of Canada. - Vol. 53 (1999)
Phoenix, 1999, vol. 53, p. 114-135.
Ashikaga, Atsuuji
"Some Aspects of Parthian Empire" [in Japanese] (1962)
Bulletin of the Society for Western and Southern Asiatic Studies [Seinan-Asia Kenkyu], 1962, no. 9 (Dec 1962)
Abstract: Published in Japanese by The Society for Western and Southern Asiatic Studies, Kyoto University
Ashton, Richard
A hoard of Parthian coins in Afyon Museum (CH 9.585) (2002)
In: Meadows, Andrew & Wartenberg, Ute (eds.), Coin hoards. Volume IX, Greek hoards
London: Royal Numismatic Society, 2002, 291 p.
Abstract: Coins in the Afyon Archaeological Museum
Asimov, Isaac
The Near East : 10,000 Years of History (1968)
New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1968, 277 p.
Abstract: History of ancient empires-includes chapters on the Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Macedonians, Parthians, Sassanids, Arabs, Turks, and Europeans.
Askew, Gilbert
A Catalogue of Greek coins (1951)
London: Seaby's Numismatic Publications, 1951
Abstract: On spine: Seaby's catalogue of Greek coins. The original catalog which was later updated by H. A. Seaby, then David R. Sear.
Aslanov, G., Ibragimov, B. & Kaskaj, S.
"Das mittelalterliche Haraba-Gilan (Azerbajdzan)" (1997)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1997, vol. 29, p. 401-425.
Abstract: Coins from the excavations are mentioned (p. 424): 1 Parthian drachm, Roman gold, Sasanian coins, Abassid and Samanid gold, Byzantine coins, AE of the Il'degizids and Hulaguids. [Hans R. Baldus]
Asmussen, Jes P.
Manichaean Literature: Representative Texts Chiefly from Middle Persian & Parthian Writings (1975)
In: UNESCO collection of representative works. Persian heritage series no. 22
New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 1975, 148 p.
Assar, G. R. F.
"Some New Coins of Vologases V" (1990)
Spink Numismatic Circular, 1990, vol. XCVIII, no. 10 (Dec), p. 348.
"Some Remarks Concerning the Parthian Gold Coins: the Parthian Calendars" (1991)
In: Hackens, T. & et al (eds.), Proceedings of the XIth International Numismatic Congress (Brussels, Sep 1991), vol. 1
Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium: Association Professeur Marcel Hoc, 1993, p. 289-294.
"Recent Studies in Parthian History: Part I" (2000)
The Celator, 2000, vol. 14, no. 12 (Dec), p. 6-22.
"Recent Studies in Parthian History: Part III" (2001)
The Celator, 2001, vol. 15, no. 2 (Feb), p. 17-22.
"Recent Studies in Parthian History: Part II" (2001)
The Celator, 2001, vol. 15, no. 1 (Jan), p. 17-27, 41.
"Parthian Calendars at Babylon and Seleucia on the Tigris" (2003)
Iran, 2003, vol. 41, p. 171-191.
"The Bellaria Collection" (2003)
In: Triton VII (January 13-14, 2004)
Lancaster, Pa: Classical Numismatic Group, 2003, p. 108-138.
Abstract: Jointly authored by Dr. Assar, the cataloging of this collection includes a new chronology, attributions and commentary on the Parthian coins through Mithradates IV in the Triton VII auction, 13-14 Jan 2004.
A debate between Ali Sina and Dr. G. R. Farhad Assar (2004)
Abstract: In part 2, Dr. Assar discusses punishment for adultery among the Parthians; in part 5, Parthian incestuous marriages; part 7, claims he is currently the world authority in field of political and numismatic history of Parthia.
"Genealogy and Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers, I" (2004)
In: Parthia and beyond. Cultural interconnections in the classical period. Papers in honour of Gennadij A. Koselenko
Parthica, 2004, vol. 6, p. 69-93.
Abstract: There is a printing error on page 77 of the text. A solid line incorrectly connects Arsaces II with the son of Tiridates (brother of Arsaces I) in the genealogical chart originally proposed by G.A. Koshelenko and should be ignored.
Part II of this article appears in Parthica 7 (2005)

En se nommant tous Arsace (Arshak) sur leurs monnaies, du nom du fondateur de la dynastie parthe vers 247, les rois parthes n’ont pas facilité la reconstitution de leur généalogie. L’A. discute ici de la parenté et de la succession des premiers rois jusqu’au 2e s. av. J.-C., en reprenant l’étude de cinq inscriptions sur jarre et d’ostraca de Nisa, tout en utilisant largement le témoignage de Justin et les données numismatiques. Il conserve, dans le texte, la succession traditionnelle, tandis que dans un tableau final, il ajoute un roi, un petit-fils du fondateur, et modifie la parenté des deux successeurs de Mithridate I, changements qui semblent reposer sur d’autres articles de l’auteur. [Rémy Boucharlat, Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 27, http://abstractairanica.revues.org/document5798.html]
"History and Coinage of Elymais During 150/149-122/121 BC" (2004-2005)
Name-ye Iran-e Bastan, 2006, vol. 4, no. 2 (Mar), p. 27-91.
Abstract: Includes chart of annual Susian bronze issues
"Genealogy and Coinage of the Early Parthian Rulers. II. A Revised Stemma" (2005)
Parthica, 2005, vol. 7, p. 29-63.
"The Genealogy of the Parthian King Sinatruces (93/2-69/8 BC)" (2005)
Journal of the Classical and Medieval Numismatic Society, 2005, tome/ser. 2, vol. 6, no. 2 (June), p. 16-33.
Abstract: Article includes 12 coin illustrations, 11 Parthian (Phraates II, Mithradates II, Gotarzes I, Sinatruces × 3, Mithradates III, Orodes I, and Phraates III × 3) and 1 Seleucid (Alexander Balas).
"The terminal date of the reign of Mithradates I" (in Persian) (2006)
Bulletin of Ancient Iranian History (UCLA), 2006, vol. 2 (Sept.)
Abstract: Review of the primary and secondary sources on the terminal date of the reign of Mithradates I, suggesting B.C. 132 rather than the generally accepted B.C. 138-137.
"Moses of Chorene and the early Parthian chronology" (2006)
Electrum, 2006, vol. 11, p. 61-86.
"A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 91-55 BC" (2006)
Parthica, 2006, vol. 8, p. 55-104.
"A Revised Parthian Chronology of the Period 165-91 BC" (2006)
Electrum, 2006, vol. 11, p. 87-158.
"Arsaces IV (c. 170-168 BC) the 1st 'Missing' Parthian King" (2006-2007)
Name-ye Iran-e Bastan, 2007, vol. 6, no. 1 & 2 (2006-7), p. 3-14.
"New Date on Vardanes II Tetradrachms" (2007)
Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society, 2007, no. 194 (winter), p. 5-7.
Abstract: Amend reference to n. 20 in footnote 6 on page 5 which should read n. 21.
"The Proper Name of the 2nd Parthian Ruler" (2008)
Bulletin of Ancient Iranian History (UCLA), 2008, vol. 4, no. March
Assar, G. R. F. & Bagloo, Morteza Ghassem
"An Early Parthian 'Victory' Coin" (2006)
Parthica, 2006, vol. 8, p. 25-36.
Assar, G. R. F. (ed.)
"Bibliography of David Sellwood" (2006)
Parthica, 2006, vol. 8, p. 15-16.
Atil, Esin
Exhibition of 2500 Years of Persian Art, Freer Gallery of Art (1971)
Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1971
Abstract: Outside cover title: Persian Exhibition.
"Die arsaciden-Münzen von künstlerischen Handpünkte" (1909)
In: Gekharwest v. 2
1909, p. 35-43.
Attewell, Mary
"Ras al Khaimah Museum: The Collections" (1987)
In: Bulletin of the Al Ain Chapter of the Emirates Natural History Group, 32
1987, no. (July)
Auboyer, Jeannine
"L'Art du Moyen Orient sous les Parthes et les Sassanides" (1960(?))
In: L'Histoire de l'Art, vol 5
Paris: Grange Batelière, 1960
Abstract: Complete contents of volume 5:
ARCHITECTURE CLUNISIENNE ET CISTERCIENNE / L'ART GOTHIQUE en France, en Espagne, en Italie, dans le centre et le nord de l'Europe, en Angleterre et au Moyen Orient / L'ART DU MOYEN ORIENT SOUS LES PARTHES ET LES SASSANIDES / L'ART ISLAMIQUE / L'ART DE L'INDE, Antique et Classique, Médiévale par Jeannine AUBOYER / L'ART DU SUD EST ASIATIQUE, DE LA CHINE, DU JAPON / L'ESTAMPE JAPONAISE par Janette OSTIER
Augé, Christian
"Quelques monnaies d'Elymaïde" (1976)
Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique, 1976, vol. 31, no. 9 (Nov), p. 106-110.
"Monnaies orientales" (1985)
In: Administration des Monnaies et Médailles : Les collections monétaires Paris, 1985 I
Paris: 1985, p. 33-39.
Augé, Christian; Curiel, Raoul & Le Rider, Georges
Terrasses sacrées de Bard-é Néchandeh et Masjid-i Solaiman : les trouvailles monétaires (1979)
In: Mémoires de la Délégation archéologique en Iran, 44
Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1979, xxi+186 p.
Abstract: At head of title: Mission de Susiane sous la direction de R. Ghirshman. Includes bibliographical references. Contains mention of the hoard of 5,000 Elymais coins at Bard-é Néchandeh, dating from the second century A.D. Five of the most recent are dated to the end of the second or beginning of the third century.
Avalon Hill Software
Parthian Kings (1982)
Avalon Hill, 1982
Abstract: Computer game for Commodore 64. Also published for Apple II+, IIe, IIc, IIgs. Cover artwork by Talbot. Chaos reigns, you as a King attempt to clear out all other competition. Build and hold cities, empires, etc. For up to 4 players. "The Emperor is dead! The Parthian Empire is in chaos! The battle of Parthian Kings is imminent!" [Packaging]
Parthian Kings (1984)
Avalon Hill, 1984
Abstract: Computer game for Apple II+, IIe, IIc, IIgs. Also published for Commodore 64. Cover artwork by Talbot. Chaos reigns, you as a King attempt to clear out all other competition. Build and hold cities, empires, etc. For up to 4 players. "The Emperor is dead! The Parthian Empire is in chaos! The battle of Parthian Kings is imminent!" [Packaging]
Avi-Yonah, M.
Oriental Art in Roman Palestine (1961)
In: Series Università di Roma, Centro di studi semitici. Studi semitici, 5
Rome: Istituto di studi del vicino Oriente, 1961
Ayatollahi, Habibollah
"Parthian Coins and other Arts" (2003)
In: Ayatollahi, Habibollah, The History of Iranian Art [The Book of Iran: The History of Iranian Art]
United Kingdom: Alhoda, 2003, p. 103ff.
Azarnoush, Massoud
"Deux saisons de fouilles à la nécropole de 'Sang-e Shir' (Hamadan)" (1976)
In: Akten des VII. Internationalen Kongresses für Iranische Kunst und Archäologie : München, 7.-10. September 1976. Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran. Ergänzungsband 6
Berlin: D. Reimer, 1977, p. 281-286.
Abstract: Discusses the pre-Islamic and Islamic burials found near Hamadan, Iran.
"Excavations at Kangavar" (1981)
Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 1981, vol. 14, p. 69-94.
Sassanian Art in Eastern Fars: The Excavation of a Manor House at Hajiabad, Darab, Iran (1987)
University of California, Los Angeles: 1987
Abstract: Hajiabad is a large village near Darab, in eastern Fars, the southern province of Iran. During the summer of 1977 a mound situated in the vicinity of the village was bulldozed for agricultural reasons. The discovery of numerous high-quality stucco works during the course of the bulldozing prompted the Iranian Center for Archaeological Research to organize the first, and so far the only, excavation of the site. As a result of this excavation, a structure, subsequently called the Manor House, was uncovered. Although the building was extensively damaged by the bulldozing, I was able to reconstruct much of its plan in drawings. A comparison of this plan with other Parthian, Sassanian, Kusan, and Islamic large-scale dwellings and palatial structures shows that the Manor House was probably composed of different groups of units, each having a different function. Four such groups survive, here called Sections A, B, C, and D. My study indicates that the two parts of Section A were probably used for public and private audience. Section C was the chapel, itself divided into two parts; one part may have been dedicated to the cult of Anahita and the other to Fire. Section B, a private residential area, was connected to the public part of Section A and probably served to accommodate guests of rank or attendants. Part of Section D was probably used by the lord of the Manor. Sections A and C were extensively decorated, the former with stucco and murals and the latter exclusively with stucco. Wall paintings uncovered in the public part of Section A comprise portraits, as well as what is probably a battle scene between two cavalry men. The stuccos from Section C include secular and religious subjects. The first group is composed mainly of busts, several of which can be fairly securely identified. The cult of a fertility goddess, probably Anahita, is the subject of the remaining stuccos from Section C.
"Hadjiabad, résidence Sassanide dans le Fars" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 50-51.
"Kangavar, un temple séleucide d'Anahita devient un monument sassanide" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 52-53.
Azarpay, Guitty
"La route de la soie entre l'Iran et la Chine" (1999)
In: Boucharlat, Rémy (ed.), Empires Perses d'Alexandre aux Sassanides
Dossiers d'Archeologie, 1999, no. 243, p. 20-23.
"Sasanian seals from the collection of the late Edward Gans, at the University of California, Berkeley" (2002)
Berkeley: 2002
Abstract: Includes comments on the Ernst Herzfeld collection which Gans sold at auction for the owner.
Baatz, Dietwulf
"The Hatra ballista" (1977)
Sumer, 1977, vol. 33, p. 141-51.
Bibliography - Page 5

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